地理研究 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (5): 1103-1118.doi: 10.11821/dlyj020171047

• 专栏:城市研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

城市旅游综合体土地利用空间格局演变及驱动机制——以西安曲江为例

李维维1,2(), 陈田2, 马晓龙3()   

  1. 1. 青岛大学旅游与地理科学学院,青岛 266071
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    3. 南开大学旅游与服务学院,天津 300350
  • 收稿日期:2017-11-07 修回日期:2018-02-09 出版日期:2019-05-13 发布日期:2019-05-14
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:李维维(1990-),女,山东枣庄人,博士研究生,研究方向为旅游地理与城市旅游。E-mail: liww.16b@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41471131);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(63182060);天津市高校习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想研究联盟项目;南开大学百名青年学科带头人项目

Mechanisms and spatial pattern of land use changes of the urban tourism complex: A case study of Qujiang, Xi’an

Weiwei LI1,2(), Tian CHEN2, Xiaolong MA3()   

  1. 1. School of Tourism and Geographical Science, Qingdao University, Qingdao 266071, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. College of Tourism and Service Management, Nankai University, Tianjin 300350, China
  • Received:2017-11-07 Revised:2018-02-09 Online:2019-05-13 Published:2019-05-14

摘要:

判识城市旅游综合体用地格局的演变规律及驱动机制,对于优化城市功能结构和构建城市现代服务体系具有重要意义。本文以西安曲江城市旅游综合体为例,采用土地利用变化指数模型和GIS分析技术,探究其用地分异过程及机制。结果显示,曲江由农业生产和村居功能为主导的乡镇聚落,转变为以旅游功能为核心、多元用地形态圈层布局的城市旅游综合体过程中,其用地形态共经历了均质无序、极化–扩散和均衡集约三个阶段。而这一演化过程,实则是在土地差异化增值形成级差地租的条件下,多元用地主体理性选择的结果。文章认为,保证城市旅游综合体合理的发展用地、有序实现土地增值及发挥地价杠杆的调节作用,是实现城市旅游综合体土地集约利用和功能协同发展的根本前提。

关键词: 城市旅游综合体, 土地利用, 空间格局, 驱动机制, 级差地租, 曲江

Abstract:

Identifying the evolution mechanisms and law of the urban tourism complex’s land use pattern plays an important role in optimizing urban spatial structure, improving the comprehensive service functions of urban tourism and constructing modern urban service system. Taking a case study of Qujiang urban tourism complex in Northwest China's Xi’an, and based on the land-use change index model and the GIS spatial analysis technology, this paper explores the spatial differentiation process of urban tourism complex’s land use pattern by obtaining and analyzing the basic data about the land use change intensity, speed, benefit and function transformation of Qujiang urban tourism complex. The results show that, firstly, Qujiang urban tourism complex evolves from a township settlement to a modern and integrated tourism development area. Secondly, the dominant land use functions of Qujiang have changed significantly. Specifically, the core land use functions have transformed from agricultural production and village residence to tourism leisure and high-end residence. Thirdly, Qujiang urban tourism complex’s land use pattern is a layout like circles, whose core layer is tourism integrated land, and the outer layers are landscape residential land, commercial land, public management and public service land, common community residential land and industrial land in turn. Fourthly, the evolution of urban tourism complex’s land use pattern has experienced three stages including homogeneous and disordered stage, convergence–diffusion stage and balanced intensive stage. In essence, the evolution process of urban tourism complex’s land use pattern is just the spatial structure development process of its own, namely its spatial structure has gone through the homogeneous disorder phase in the beginning to the polarization stage and then to the equilibrium stage. And this evolution process is actually the results of rational participation and collective choice of multiple stakeholders who make decisions under the action of differential land rent caused by land conversion increment and land capitalization increment. Therefore, the article points out that more attention should be attached to ensuring the rational development land of UTC, increasing the land revenue value in an orderly way and giving full play to the dynamic regulation of land price leverage, which would be effective in achieving intensive land use and functional synergy of the urban tourism complex.

Key words: Urban tourism complex, land use, spatial pattern, mechanisms, differential land rent, Qujiang