地理研究 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (2): 399-413.doi: 10.11821/dlyj020180060

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

山区农村土地利用转型与小农经济变迁耦合机理

苏康传1(), 杨庆媛1(), 张佰林2, 张忠训1   

  1. 1. 西南大学地理科学学院,重庆 400715
    2. 天津工业大学管理学院,天津 300387
  • 收稿日期:2018-01-10 修回日期:2018-08-11 出版日期:2019-02-20 发布日期:2019-03-08
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:苏康传(1986- ),男,云南宣威人,博士研究生,主要从事国土资源与区域发展研究。E-mail: sukangchuan@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重大项目(15ZDC032);天津市科技发展战略研究计划项目(17ZLZXZF00170);重庆市社会科学规划项目(2018YBGL056);国家自然科学基金项目(41801193)

The coupling mechanism between rural land use transition and small-scale peasant economy change in mountainous areas

Kangchuan SU1(), Qingyuan YANG1(), Bailin ZHANG2, Zhongxun ZHANG1   

  1. 1. School of Geographical Science, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715
    2. School of Management, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin 300387
  • Received:2018-01-10 Revised:2018-08-11 Online:2019-02-20 Published:2019-03-08

摘要:

通过山区土地利用转型与小农经济变迁的耦合关系分析,可以揭示山区人地关系的变化过程和机理。随着工业化、城镇化的快速推进,山区农村人地关系发生深刻变化,小农经济变迁驱动土地利用转型,土地利用转型进一步促进小农经济变迁。在阐述土地利用转型及小农经济变迁内涵和特征基础上,结合实证探讨二者间的耦合机理,以期为乡村振兴战略的实施提供理论支撑和现实参考。研究表明:① 山区农村土地利用转型与小农经济变迁相互影响,耦合演进。② 山区农村土地利用转型重点体现在农村宅基地、耕地及林地三类用地上。③ 中国小农经济已发生四次变迁,而山区小农经济变迁在第四次中表现较为明显,其阶段特征主要为农村人口向城镇迁移,土地流转频繁,土地规模经营趋势增强。④ 山区小农经济变迁引发耕地空间形态及功能转型,山区耕地转型进一步促进小农经济变迁。⑤ 山区小农经济变迁及农户生计策略非农化转变促使农户对宅基地结构及功能的需求发生变化;闲置废弃宅基地综合整治可显化农村土地资产价值,增加农民土地财产性收入,促进小农经济变迁。⑥ 通过云南省砚山县耕地利用转型案例剖析,验证了本文提出的山区农村土地利用转型与小农经济变迁的耦合机理。

关键词: 土地利用转型, 小农经济变迁, 山区, 耦合机理, 驱动因素

Abstract:

It can be reveal the changing process and mechanism of the human-land relationship, through the analysis of the coupling relationship between the transition of land use and the small-scale peasant economy change in mountainous areas. With the rapid advancement of industrialization and urbanization, the relationship between human and land in rural areas has undergone profound changes. Small-scale peasant economy change has driven the transition of land use, and land use transition has further promoted small-scale peasant economy change. This paper discusses the coupling mechanism between rural land use transition and small-scale peasant economy change in mountainous areas in our country, which based on the analysis of the connotation and characteristics of the two; it can provide theoretical support and practical reference for the implementation of rural revitalization strategy. The results indicate that: (1) The rural land use transition and small-scale peasant economy change affect each other, coupled evolution in mountainous areas. (2) The rural land use transition in mountainous areas is mainly reflected in the three types of land in rural housing land, cultivated land and forest land. (3) China's small-scale peasant economy has undergone four changes, while it has been more obvious in the fourth in mountain areas, its stage features mainly mountainous rural to urban migration, land transfer frequently, and land scale management trends increased. (4) The small-scale peasant economy in mountainous areas leads to the spatial form and function transition of cultivated land, cultivated land transition in mountain areas further promoting the economic transition of small peasants. (5) The small-scale peasant economy change in mountainous areas and the non-agricultural transition of peasant household's livelihood strategy prompted peasants to change their demand for the functions and structures of homesteads. At the same time, which can apparent value of rural land assets, increase land property income and promote the small-scale peasant economy change. (6) The case of conversion of cultivated land use in Yanshan county of Yunnan province can support the coupling mechanism of rural land use transition and small-scale peasant economy change proposed in this paper.

Key words: land use transition, small-scale peasant economy change, mountainous area, coupling mechanism, driving factors