地理研究 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (7): 1694-1704.doi: 10.11821/dlyj020180256

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

关联演化视角下地理学区域韧性分析的新思考

李艳1,2(), 陈雯1,2,3, 孙阳1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所,南京 210008
    2. 中国科学院流域地理学重点实验室,南京 210008
    3. 中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2018-03-22 修回日期:2019-05-15 出版日期:2019-07-20 发布日期:2019-07-12
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:李艳(1980-),女,山东青岛人,博士,助理研究员,研究方向为区域韧性、可持续治理与规划。E-mail: liy@niglas.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41701640);中国博士后基金项目(2017M621851);国家自然科学基金重点项目(41130750);中国科学院科技服务网络计划项目(KFJ-SW-STS-174);中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所“一三五”重点培育方向自主部署项目(NIGLAS2017GH06)

New reflections on the analysis of regional resilience in geographical sciences from a relational-dynamic perspective

Yan LI1,2(), Wen CHEN1,2,3, Yang SUN1,2   

  1. 1. Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Watershed Geographic Sciences, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China
    3. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2018-03-22 Revised:2019-05-15 Online:2019-07-20 Published:2019-07-12

摘要:

区域韧性是一个区域应对发展进程中短期冲击与长期变化、积极进行自我调适与转型的能力,表征了区域的适应性、创新性与可持续性,作为新兴理念反映了地理学可持续发展与区域研究的新需求。本研究综述了区域韧性研究进展,基于关联演化视角,探索构建区域韧性认知框架,将情境分析与过程分析并重,思考并总结区域韧性分析的方法论,尝试建立区域韧性评估方程,从经济、社会、环境及制度四个维度进行区域韧性评估,将区域韧性应用于中国地理学研究,分析中国区域韧性研究的一般性与特殊性,将区域韧性研究对接中国实际问题,以期对区域韧性研究做出理论贡献,助推地理学区域发展研究及相关认知领域的跨学科讨论、知识集成与学术交流,为国家制定相关区域政策提供参考,并为国家及区域可持续发展提供科学指引。

关键词: 区域韧性, 关联演化视角, 分析方法, 情境分析, 地理学

Abstract:

Regional resilience is the regional capability of a region to cope with the short- and long-term changes in the development process and to actively adjust and transform itself, which represents the adaptability, innovation and sustainability of the region. As a new concept, regional resilience reflects the new requirements of geographical research on sustainable development and regional studies. A relational-dynamic perspective as a new perspective and a new cognitive method of geographical analysis is introduced in this paper towards an understanding of the complexity of regional resilience. In accordance with the concept of contextuality, path dependence and contingency in Western economic geography as well as the multi-perspectival turns of economic geography during the past decades such as the relational turn, the institutional turn, the cultural turn and the evolutionary turn, the relational-dynamic perspective advocates a comprehensive recognition of the complex process of spatial evolution based on multi-dimensionality, which brings new thinking and new methods of regional resilience cognition. This study attempts to grasp the complexity of regional resilience analytically. It examines the latest findings of the international research progresses in the identification and evaluation of regional resilience in geographical sciences. Based on a relational-dynamic perspective, this study explores the construction of a cognitive framework of regional resilience, summarizes the methodology of the analyses on regional resilience with emphases on both context analysis and process analysis, and attempts to establish an assessment equation to evaluate regional resilience from the economic, social, environmental and institutional dimensions. By analyzing the generality and particularity of the research on regional resilience in China, this study tries to link the theoretical research on regional resilience to the practical Chinese issues in order to make a theoretical contribution to the regional resilience research, to promote the transdisciplinary discussion with knowledge integration and academic discussion of the research on regional resilience, regional development studies and relative cognitive fields in geographical sciences, and thus to provide scientific guidance for national and reginal sustainable development with decision-making reference to relative policies for the governments. It offers a new perspective for regional planners, scientists and policy makers to facilitate regional governance from an interdisciplinary and relational-dynamic perspective based on a resilience-based spatial cognition.

Key words: regional resilience, relational-dynamic perspective, analytical methods, context analysis, geographical sciences