地理研究 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (1): 181-192.doi: 10.11821/dlyj020180453

• • 上一篇    

中国新型城镇化在“十九大”后发展的新态势

陈明星1,2(), 隋昱文1,2, 郭莎莎1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2018-06-12 修回日期:2018-12-03 出版日期:2019-01-20 发布日期:2019-01-29
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:陈明星(1982- ),男,安徽巢湖人,博士,研究员,主要从事城镇化与区域发展研究。E-mail: chenmx@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41822104,41842058,41671125);中国科学院前沿科学重点研究项目(QYZDYSSW-SYS002)

Perspective of China's new urbanization after 19th CPC National Congress

Mingxing CHEN1,2(), Yuwen SUI1,2, Shasha GUO1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. School of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2018-06-12 Revised:2018-12-03 Online:2019-01-20 Published:2019-01-29

摘要:

新型城镇化建设,关系到城镇化质量提升,关系到中国向高质量发展转型,关系到新时代“两阶段目标”的实现。“十九大”后,中国新型城镇化表现出4个方面新态势:一是走中国特色新型城镇化道路成为广泛共识,从城镇化严重滞后转向新型城镇化,从盲目赶超发达国家转向符合中国实际,从土地城镇化转向人的城镇化;二是新型城镇化是破解新时代不平衡不充分主要矛盾的重要抓手,新型城镇化具有高度综合性,与乡村振兴、“一带一路”等加强协同推进;三是新型城镇化在新时代背景下需要细化和深化,重点是人的城镇化与基本公共服务均等化、生态文明与可持续城镇化、社会治理与制度创新、空间治理与空间规划;四是城市群发展的重要性不断增强,京津冀协同、粤港澳大湾区,长三角城市群、中西部地区重点城市群以及国家级新区等空间载体在新型城镇化中引领作用更加凸显。加强新型城镇化的基础研究,提升地理学服务国家新型城镇化能力。

关键词: 十九大, 新型城镇化, 人的城镇化, 乡村振兴, “一带一路”, 新态势

Abstract:

New urbanization construction is related to the improvement of urbanization quality, China's transition to high quality development and the achievement of the "two-phase goals" in the new era. After 19th CPC National Congress in 2017, China's new urbanization has shown four major trends. First, new urbanization with Chinese characteristics has become a widespread consensus, turning from a serious lag to a precipitous movement, from blindly catching up with developed countries to coinciding with China's reality, from land-centered urbanization to human-centered urbanization. Second, new urbanization is a crucial approach to solve the contradiction between unbalanced and inadequate development and the people's ever-growing needs for a better life in the new era. New urbanization is highly integrated and needs to be coordinated with rural revitalization and the Belt and Road Initiative. Third, the research content of new urbanization needs to be refined and deepened in the new era. The emphases are the human-centered urbanization and fundamental public services equalization, ecological civilization and sustainable urbanization, social governance and institutional innovation, spatial governance and space planning. Finally, the development of urban agglomerations is becoming more and more important. Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei integration, Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay, Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration, key urban agglomerations in central and western regions of China and national new areas have played more prominent roles in new urbanization to strengthen the basic research on new urbanization and enhance the ability of geography to serve China's new urbanization.

Key words: 19th CPC National Congress, new urbanization, human-centered urbanization, rural revitalization, the Belt and Road Initiative, perspective