地理研究 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (1): 102-118.doi: 10.11821/dlyj020180454

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乡村旅游引导乡村振兴的研究框架与展望

陆林1(), 任以胜1, 朱道才1,2, 程久苗1, 杨兴柱1, 杨钊1, 姚国荣3   

  1. 1. 安徽师范大学地理与旅游学院,芜湖 241000
    2. 安徽财经大学经济学院,蚌埠 233030
    3. 安徽师范大学经济管理学院,芜湖 241000
  • 收稿日期:2018-06-06 修回日期:2018-10-26 出版日期:2019-01-20 发布日期:2019-01-29
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:陆林(1962- ),男,安徽芜湖人,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要从事旅游地理教学和科研工作研究。E-mail: llin@263.net

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41230631)

The research framework and prospect of rural revitalization led by rural tourism

Lin LU1(), Yisheng REN1, Daocai ZHU1,2, Jiumiao CHENG1, Xingzhu YANG1, Zhao YANG1, Guorong YAO3   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241000, China
    2. School of Economics, Anhui University of Finance and Economics, Bengbu 233030, China
    3. School of Economics and Management, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241000, China
  • Received:2018-06-06 Revised:2018-10-26 Online:2019-01-20 Published:2019-01-29

摘要:

中国特色社会主义进入新时代,城乡发展不平衡、乡村发展不充分等问题日益突出,实施乡村振兴战略是解决人民日益增长的美好生活需要和不平衡不充分的发展之间矛盾的必然要求。发展乡村旅游能够有力地契合和服务新时代国家发展战略,促进农业提质增效、农民增收致富、农村繁荣稳定,加快统筹城乡融合发展步伐,是实现乡村振兴的重要途径。系统梳理国内外乡村旅游引导乡村振兴的相关研究成果,针对内容深度相对薄弱、功能拓展比较泛化、时代特征不够显著等问题,把握新时代乡村旅游发展的新特点、新使命、新要求,充分考虑中国是一个发展中的经济大国、人口大国、农业大国的基本国情,构建了融合地理学、旅游学、经济学、社会学、管理学等相关学科理论的新时代中国乡村旅游引导乡村振兴的研究框架,归纳了乡村旅游引导乡村振兴的五个重点研究内容,即乡村旅游引导乡村振兴的学理和逻辑机理研究、乡村旅游引导乡村经济振兴的路径研究、乡村旅游引导乡村生态宜居的路径研究、乡村旅游引导乡村治理体系重构的路径研究、乡村旅游引导乡村振兴的政策体系研究。五个重点研究内容包括理论层面、实践层面和保障层面,在相互联系、相互影响、相互作用中共同促进城乡融合发展,实现乡村振兴的科学、持续、健康发展。掌握和运用科学的方法论,汲取科学方法论的智慧和营养,构建多方法综合集成的方法体系,确保数据采集的真实性和数据处理的科学性,是新时代乡村旅游引导乡村振兴研究的关键。

关键词: 乡村旅游, 乡村振兴, “三农”问题, 城乡融合, 新时代

Abstract:

Socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered the new era. Problems such as unbalanced development between urban and rural and inadequate development in rural areas have become increasingly prominent. The implementation of the rural revitalization strategy is an inevitable requirement for resolving the contradictions between unbalanced and inadequate development and the people's ever-growing needs for a better life. With the rapid advancement of new industrialization and new urbanization, China's rural tourism has entered the era of big tourism instead of small and medium tourism. The development of rural tourism can effectively pursue the development strategy of the country in the new era, promote agricultural quality and efficiency, increase farmers' income, make the countryside prosperous and stable, and speed up the development of urban-rural integration. Therefore, it is an important way to realizing rural revitalization. This paper has reviewed the related research on rural revitalization led by rural tourism at home and abroad. In addition, it has grasped the new characteristics, new missions and new requirements of rural tourism development in the new era. Considering the basic situation of China as a developing economic power, and a large agricultural country with a large population, this paper has constructed a research framework of rural revitalization led by rural tourism in China in the new era, which integrates theories of geography, tourism, economics, sociology, management and other related disciplines. It has summarized the five key research contents of rural revitalization led by rural tourism, which contains study on theory and logic mechanism of rural revitalization led by rural tourism, study on the path of rural economy revitalization led by rural tourism, study on the path of rural ecological livability led by rural tourism, study on the path of reconstruction of rural governance system led by rural tourism and study on the policy system of rural revitalization led by rural tourism. The five key research contents cover the theoretical, practical and safeguard aspects, promote the development of urban-rural integration through interconnection, mutual influence and interaction, and ultimately realize the scientific, sustained, and healthy development of the rural revitalization strategy. In the new era, the key of rural revitalization led by rural tourism is to master and apply scientific methodology, to learn the wisdom and nutrition of scientific methodology, to construct a method system for multi-method comprehensive integration, and to ensure the authenticity of data collection and the scientificalness of data processing.

Key words: rural tourism, rural revitalization, three issues in rural areas, urban-rural integration, the new era