地理研究 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (4): 743-759.doi: 10.11821/dlyj020180532

• •    下一篇

中国地理学中的甘南研究

赵雪雁(), 李巍()   

  1. 西北师范大学地理与环境科学学院,兰州 730070
  • 收稿日期:2018-05-30 修回日期:2018-08-17 出版日期:2019-04-20 发布日期:2019-04-30
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:赵雪雁(1971-),女,甘肃武都人,教授,主要从事生态经济研究。E-mail: zhaoxy@nwnu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41661115),中国科学院内陆河流域生态水文重点实验室开放基金(KLEIRB-2S-16-03);中国科学院青年创新促进会(2016181)

Review of Gannan research in Chinese geography

Xueyan ZHAO(), Wei LI()   

  1. College of Geography and Environment Science, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, China
  • Received:2018-05-30 Revised:2018-08-17 Online:2019-04-20 Published:2019-04-30

摘要:

区域研究是地理学的核心领域,开展区域研究需要选择既具全球意义又具区域特色,且符合国家重大战略需求的关键区域。作为“第三极”的重要组成部分,地处青藏高原东北缘的甘南高原不仅是典型的地理过渡区与生态脆弱区,也是重要的生态功能区与深度贫困区,因而成为中国地理学开展区域研究的最佳实验区之一。在阐述甘南高原地理学研究价值的基础上,从陆地地表过程与机理、土地利用/覆被变化、农户对气候变化的感知及适应、生态系统服务与生态补偿机制、农户生计及其对生态环境的影响、社会资本与区域发展、城镇化与乡村聚落、旅游发展等领域出发,系统梳理了中国地理学中的甘南研究现状,提出新时期应以更综合的多维视角开展甘南研究,重点关注甘南高原地表格局-过程集成研究、人地耦合系统演化与区域可持续发展、生态系统服务与生态补偿、可持续生计、新型城镇化、乡村发展等关键问题。

关键词: 区域研究, 地理学, 甘南高原, 人地关系, 集成

Abstract:

Regional research is the core field of geography. It is not only the generalization and summary of the geographical pattern, process and mechanism research, but also the important basis of research and coordination about the man-land relationship. When we carry out the regional research in geography, it is necessary to select the key region which is both of global significance and regional characteristics as well as in line with the national major strategic needs. As the important components of the “Third Pole”, Gannan Plateau, located in the northeastern margin of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, is not only the typical geographic transition region and the eco-fragile region, but also an important ecological function region and a deep poverty region. Therefore, it has become one of the best experimental areas for regional research in Chinese geography. Based on expounding the value of geography research in Gannan Plateau, this paper systematically teases out the research status of the region in Chinese geography, which include the land surface processes and mechanism, land use/cover change, farmers’ perception and adaptation to climate change, ecosystem services and eco-compensation mechanism, farmers’ livelihood and its impact on the ecological environment, social capital and regional development, urbanization and rural settlements, and tourism development. In addition, it is proposed that the Gannan Plateau research should be carried out in a more comprehensive and multi-dimensional perspective in the new era, and focused on the topics, which include the integration of land surface process-pattern, evolution of man-land coupled system and regional sustainable development, ecosystem services and eco-compensation, sustainable livelihoods, new urbanization and rural development. These prospects and reviews would help to offer revelation and reference for Gannan research and regional research in the future.

Key words: regional research, geography, Gannan Plateau, man-land relationship, integration