地理研究 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (4): 971-987.doi: 10.11821/dlyj020180660

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城市居民压力源对幸福感的影响研究——基于乡村旅游休闲参与的角度

张圆刚1,2(), 黄业坚3(), 程静静2, 余向洋2, 陈希1   

  1. 1. 澳门城市大学国际旅游与管理学院,澳门 999078
    2. 黄山学院旅游学院,黄山 245041
    3. 中山大学旅游学院,广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2018-07-02 修回日期:2018-10-08 出版日期:2019-04-20 发布日期:2019-04-30
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:张圆刚(1982-),男,安徽黄山人,博士研究生,副教授,主要研究方向为乡村旅游、旅游经济。E-mail: 634985206@qq.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41571140);安徽省旅游业青年专家培养计划项目(AHLYZJ201604);安徽省高校优秀青年人才支持计划项目(gxyq2017076,gxyqZD2017081);安徽省旅游人才培养示范基地重点项目(YYRCZD1702);安徽高校自然科学研究重大项目(KJ2018ZD040);安徽省哲学社会科学规划项目(AHSKY2018D23)

The influence of multidimensional deconstruction of stressors on enhancing urban residents' well-being: From the perspective of rural tourism and leisure involvement

Yuangang ZHANG1,2(), IpKin Anthony WONG3(), Jingjing CHENG2, Xiangyang YU2, Xi CHEN1   

  1. 1. Faculty of International Tourism and Management, City University of Macau, Macau 999078, China
    2. School of Tourism, Huangshan University, Huangshan 245021, Anhui, China
    3. School of Tourism Management, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2018-07-02 Revised:2018-10-08 Online:2019-04-20 Published:2019-04-30

摘要:

居民幸福感研究日益受到重视,以往研究多是从自然环境、社会人文环境和城市化进程等方面探讨大尺度空间环境因素对城市居民幸福感的影响。结合乡村旅游的角度探讨城市居民幸福感的影响研究,目前还较少。运用SEM分析方法,探究处于多维压力之下的城市居民旅游者如何通过前往乡村进行旅游休闲活动提升幸福感,进行模型构建与分析,结果显示:① 压力源对调适策略有显著正向影响,对休闲参与不显著,但不同群体影响差异显著,压力调适对休闲参与有显著正向影响;② 休闲参与对心流体验和幸福感具有显著正向关系,且心流体验对幸福感具有显著正向影响;③ 心流体验对休闲效益具有正向显著影响,且休闲效益对幸福感具有正向显著影响;④ 心流体验在休闲参与对幸福感、休闲效益在心流体验对幸福感均具有显著中介效应;⑤ 旅游者不同背景变项在压力调适、休闲参与及幸福感等分别呈现不同程度的显著差异。

关键词: 压力源, 休闲参与, 幸福感, 乡村旅游, 城市居民

Abstract:

In recent years, the well-being of residents has attracted increasing attention from the public. Previous studies have focused on the impact of large-scale space environment on urban residents' well-being by analyzing the natural environment, social and humanistic environment and the process of urbanization. Few studies have conducted research on the mechanism of urban residents' well-being from the perspective of rural tourism. Based on SEM, this study explores how rural tourism and leisure involvement enhance well-being of urban residents who are under multidimensional stress. SEM shows that: (1) Stressor has a significant positive impact on the adjustment strategy, but not significant to leisure involvement. The impact on different groups is significant. Stress adjustment has a significant positive effect on leisure involvement. (2) Leisure involvement has a significant positive relationship with flow experience and well-being. Flow experience has a significant positive impact on wellbeing. (3) Flow experience has a significant positive impact on leisure benefits, which then have a positive impact on well-being. (4) Flow experience has a significant mediating effect on leisure involvement and well-being. Leisure benefits have a significant mediating effect on flow experience and well-being. (5) There are significant differences in stress adjustment, leisure involvement and well-being among different tourist groups.

Key words: stressor, leisure involvement, well-being, rural tourism, urban residents