地理研究 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (3): 522-534.doi: 10.11821/dlyj020180919

• 乡村振兴类型与途径 • 上一篇    下一篇

江苏省乡村地域功能与振兴路径选择研究

乔伟峰1,2,3(), 戈大专1,2,3(), 高金龙4, 卢诚1, 黄璐莹1   

  1. 1. 南京师范大学地理科学学院,南京 210023
    2. 南京师范大学乡村振兴研究院,南京210023
    3. 江苏省地理信息资源开发与利用协同创新中心,南京 210023
    4. 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所,南京 210008
  • 收稿日期:2018-09-08 修回日期:2019-01-28 出版日期:2019-03-20 发布日期:2019-03-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:乔伟峰(1975- ),男,江苏徐州人,博士后,副教授,主要从事土地资源管理和城乡转型发展研究。E-mail: qiaoweifeng@njnu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41871178, 41371172, 41571169);南京师范大学高层次人才引进启动基金项目(184080H202B160);中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室开放基金

Detecting the pathways towards rural vitalization from the perspective of territorial functions in Jiangsu Province

Weifeng QIAO1,2,3(), Dazhuan GE1,2,3(), Jinlong GAO4, Cheng LU1, Luying HUANG1   

  1. 1. College of Geography, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
    2. College of Rural Vitalization, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
    3. Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application, Nanjing 210023, China
    4. Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China
  • Received:2018-09-08 Revised:2019-01-28 Online:2019-03-20 Published:2019-03-25

摘要:

乡村振兴战略背景下,探索乡村振兴的差异化路径成为研究热点。乡村地域功能具有空间的差异性,明晰乡村地域功能的空间格局对于准确定位乡村发展模式、实施差异化的乡村振兴路径具有重要意义。本文以江苏省为例,采用定量评价方法,构建了包含生产发展、生活保障和生态保育为核心的乡村地域多维功能评价指标体系,以县级尺度识别了乡村地域功能的空间格局和地域类型,在此基础上探索各类型区差异化的乡村振兴路径。结果表明:江苏省乡村生产发展功能尚需完善、空间集聚程度低;生活保障功能空间格局和社会经济发展的地带性规律基本一致,呈现由苏南向苏北渐进衰退的趋势;生态保育功能高值区的区县数量较少,大部分区县的生态保育功能还有待加强;乡村地域总体功能由苏南向苏北呈现先行发展区、优化升级区、转型提升区和滞后欠发达区四种地域类型。此外,根据乡村地域总体功能呈现的差异化地域类型分别提出了相应的乡村振兴路径。

关键词: 乡村振兴, 乡村转型, 地域功能, 空间格局, 路径模式, 江苏省

Abstract:

Detecting a pathway towards rural vitalization has drawn considerable attentions from both governments and scholars in China within the context of rural restructuring. Given that territorial functions of rural areas varies cross the country, it is essential to clarify the spatial pattern of territorial functions for demystifying the model and pathway of rural development. Taking Jiangsu - one of the most developed provinces in eastern China - as an example, this paper proposes an indicator system for rural territorial function covering triple dimensions of economic development, life support, and ecological conservation. Thereafter, we conduct an empirical study at the county and district level followed by a discussion about potential pathways towards the vitalization of villages in different zones. The findings imply that: 1) the function of economic development in rural Jiangsu is not as good as expected, and the degree of spatial agglomeration is relatively low. Coincidently, the pattern of life support is consistent with that of economic development, which is regarded as a trend of gradual decline from south to north. Few districts or counties can be detected with high values of ecological conservation, which suggests an urgent demand for sustainable development in rural Jiangsu. 2) Taking the spatial heterogeneity of rural areas in respect of their overall functions into consideration, we further divide the province into four zones, namely primarily developed zone, optimized developing zone, transformation zone, and lagging underdeveloped zone. Finally, we put forward some suggestions for rural vitalization in the aforementioned functional zones, and argue that rural revitalization is a long-term project that cannot be done overnight.

Key words: rural vitalization, rural transformation, territorial function, spatial differentiation, path model, Jiangsu Province