地理研究 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (3): 467-481.doi: 10.11821/dlyj020180981

• 乡村振兴类型与途径 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国乡村地域类型及分区发展途径

周扬1,2,3(), 郭远智1,3, 刘彦随1,2,3()   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院精准扶贫评估研究中心,北京 100101
    3. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2018-09-14 修回日期:2019-02-02 出版日期:2019-03-20 发布日期:2019-03-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:周扬(1984-),男,贵州普安人,副研究员,硕士生导师,主要从事贫困地理、乡村振兴与可持续发展研究。E-mail: zhouyang@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院战略性先导科技专项资助(XDA23070301);国家自然科学基金项目(41871183;41601172);中国博士后科学基金面上项目(2016M591105)

Areal types and their development paths in rural China

Yang ZHOU1,2,3(), Yuanzhi GUO1,3, Yansui LIU1,2,3()   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling,Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Center for Assessment and Research on Targeted Poverty Alleviation, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2018-09-14 Revised:2019-02-02 Online:2019-03-20 Published:2019-03-25

摘要:

由于我国乡村地域差异显著,乡村振兴需分类有序推进。本研究立足于人地关系地域系统理论,从资源、环境、人文、经济等维度构建了度量乡村综合发展水平的指标体系和计量模型,划分了乡村地域类型,明确了分区发展途径。结果表明,我国乡村综合发展水平区域差异显著,呈现明显的自东向西递减规律;全国乡村地域类型可以划分为11个一级区和45个二级区,不同类型区制约因子各异;乡村发展水平差异是资源禀赋、功能定位、区位条件、政策文化等因子交互作用的综合体现。地理环境是乡村地域类型分异的决定性因素,资源禀赋状况是乡村地域分异的关键因子,人文和经济因素在乡村系统转型发展中扮演着重要作用。通过对乡村地域类型、特征及其分异机制的研究,为乡村振兴战略的顺利推进提供了理论依据。

关键词: 乡村地域类型, 乡村地域系统, 乡村振兴, 分区发展对策, 中国

Abstract:

Rural revitalization strategy is the general starting point for China's agriculture, rural areas and farmers in the new era. Because of the significant differences in rural areas in China, it is necessary to promote rural revitalization strategy according to local conditions, regional guidance and classification. Based on the theory of regional system of human-land relationship, this study constructs a comprehensive index system and measurement model to measure the level of rural development from the perspectives of resource endowments, geographical environment, humanistic elements and economic level, divides the areal types in rural China, and suggests the regional development ways. The results show that the level of rural comprehensive development in China varies significantly from east to west and that level in the eastern region is generally higher than that in the central and western regions. China's rural areal types can be divided into 11 first-class zones and 45 second-class zones, and there are distinct regional differences among different types. Geographical environment is the decisive factor for the differentiation of rural areal types, and resource endowment or resource type is the key factor for rural regional differentiation, and human and economic factors play an important role in the transformation and development of rural areal system. The connotation of rural areal differentiation lies in the difference of development level and industrial structure. The difference of rural development level is the comprehensive reflection of the interaction of many factors such as resource endowment, function orientation, location condition, national or regional policy, and historical background. From the perspective of human-land relationship, this study analyzes the characteristics, problems and development strategies in different types of rural areas so as to provide theoretical basis and decision-making guidance for the smooth promotion of the rural revitalization strategy in the new period.

Key words: rural areal type, rural areal system, rural revitalization, rural development paths, China