地理研究 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (3): 535-549.doi: 10.11821/dlyj020181059

• 乡村振兴类型与途径 • 上一篇    下一篇

大城市郊区村域土地利用功能演变及其对乡村振兴的启示——以成都市江家堰村为例

朱琳1(), 黎磊1, 刘素1, 李裕瑞2,3()   

  1. 1. 成都理工大学旅游与城乡规划学院,成都 610059
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    3.中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2018-10-15 修回日期:2019-01-31 出版日期:2019-03-20 发布日期:2019-03-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:朱琳(1986-),女,安徽太湖人,博士,讲师,研究方向为乡村发展与土地利用。E-mail: zhulin2012@cdut.cn

  • 基金资助:
    成都市哲学社会科学规划研究项目(2017Z04);成都理工大学青年骨干教师培养计划(10912JXGG2015-36);国家自然科学基金项目(41571166;41731286)

The evolution of village land-use function in the metropolitan suburbs and its inspiration to rural revitalization: A case study of Jiangjiayan Village in Chengdu City

Lin ZHU1(), Lei LI1, Su LIU1, Yurui LI2,3()   

  1. 1. College of Tourism and Urban-Rural Planning,Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu 610059, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2018-10-15 Revised:2019-01-31 Online:2019-03-20 Published:2019-03-25

摘要:

村域是我国农村社会经济活动的基本单元,村域土地利用功能的合理发挥对于实现乡村振兴多元目标具有重要的理论和现实意义。本文首先对村域土地利用功能变化及影响机制进行了理论探究,然后以成都市郊区江家堰村为例,定量揭示了其发展转型过程中的土地利用功能变化、影响机制,提出了土地多功能利用助推乡村振兴途径。结果表明:① 土地利用功能因土地利用类型和土地利用方式变更发生变化,并受自然资源禀赋、社会经济条件、区域政策等间接影响,不同类型乡村其土地利用功能变化趋势往往不同;② 江家堰村经历了乡村旅游发展阶段、土地综合整治和生态建设阶段,其土地利用功能变化主要表现为生产功能转化为生产-生态复合功能,生活功能转化为生产-生活复合功能,土地利用功能呈现多元化和复合化特征;③ 大城市郊区乡村土地利用功能变化受自然因素、区位条件、产业转型、区域政策及土地利用主体等因素的综合影响。乡村振兴过程中,应充分发挥土地利用的多功能属性,促进乡村价值提升。

关键词: 村域, 土地利用功能, 影响机制, 大城市郊区, 乡村振兴

Abstract:

Village is the basic unit of the socio-economic activities. It is greatly valuable to study rural land-use functions for rural revitalization on theory and practice levels. In this paper, the theory of village land use function change is theoretically explored, and the selection and measurement methods of village land use function evaluation unit are proposed. The influence mechanism of rural land use function change is analyzed. Taking Jiangjiayan Village in the suburbs of Chengdu as an example, this paper quantitatively analyzes the characteristics and dynamic changes of land use function in 2001, 2008 and 2018, and discusses the impact mechanism of land use change in typical villages. This paper proposes the enlightenment for rural revitalization, and provides theoretical and methodological references for the implementation of rural revitalization in the suburbs of the big city and the evaluation of land use function in the process. The main contents and results were summed as follows: (1) Land-use functions change due to changes in land-use types and patterns, which are indirectly affected by natural resource endowments, socio-economic conditions, and regional policies. Different types of rural land use have different change trends. The trend of land use function change is generally represented by traditional agricultural production, rural life, ecological transformation into modern industrial production function, multi-subject life service function and composite functions of different combinations. (2) Jiangjiayan has experienced three development stages since 2001, namely rural tourism development stage, land reclamation stage and ecological construction stage. Land-use functions in Jiangjiayan have become more diverse and complex: the production function transforms to production-ecology function, and the living function transforms to production-living function. (3) The changes of land-use functions in the suburb of metropolitan are results from such comprehensive influences as natural factors, location condition, industrial transformation, regional policies and land use subjects. It is suggested that multi-functionality of land use is an important way to upgrade the value of rural areas in the process of rural revitalization. Due to its unique location advantages, the suburbs of large cities can improve the functional value of rural land use production through land transfer, comprehensive land improvement and green industrial development, realize the multi-purpose use of land, and promote rural revitalization.

Key words: village-level region, land use function, influence mechanism, metropolitan suburban, rural revitalization