地理研究 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (6): 1290-1298.doi: 10.11821/dlyj020181362

• 专栏:文化传承与空间治理 • 上一篇    下一篇

北京传统城市空间治理:遗产与挑战

唐晓峰()   

  1. 北京大学历史地理研究中心,北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2018-12-13 修回日期:2019-04-12 出版日期:2019-06-20 发布日期:2019-06-12
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:唐晓峰(1948-),男,辽宁海城人,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向为历史地理学、文化地理学和中国城市历史。E-mail: txf@pku.edu.cn

Traditional urban space governance in Beijing: Heritage and challenge

Xiaofeng TANG()   

  1. Research Center of Historical Geography, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2018-12-13 Revised:2019-04-12 Online:2019-06-20 Published:2019-06-12

摘要:

对传统北京城市空间进行分类考察,提出皇权空间、礼仪空间、睦邻空间、公共空间的概念,并讨论各自的治理特点,考察强权、礼制、伦理在不同空间治理中的表现,进而分析街道公共空间缺乏治理的背景原因。现代,上述空间出现了不同程度、不同方向的改变,而如何保护与继承优秀历史遗产,同时发展现代化城市空间,是当前北京城市治理具有挑战性的议题。

关键词: 北京城, 历史地理, 空间治理

Abstract:

This study explores and classifies the traditional urban space of Beijing, and puts forward the concepts of imperial power space, ritual space, good-neighborliness space and public space. Based on the architectural structures, the performance of imperial power, ritual system and ethics in different types of space are examined, and the governance characteristics of each kind of space are discussed. The study also points out the cultural and ideological background reasons resulting in the deficiency of street public space governance in the dynastic times. In contemporary society, the above-mentioned space has been changed in different degrees and directions. For example, the imperial power space has simply changed into a cultural heritage one, however, the good-neighborliness space has been in dilemma that related to the hard choice between the traditional life style and the modern style. Therefore, it is a challenging issue for Beijing's urban governance to figure out a way to protect and inherit the excellent historical heritage while developing modern urban space properly.

Key words: Beijing city, historical geography, space governance