地理研究 ›› 2020, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (4): 939-954.doi: 10.11821/dlyj020190286

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

精明收缩视角下乡村人居空间变化特征及类型划分——以江苏省常熟市为例

李红波1,2, 刘美豆1, 胡晓亮1, 陈晓华3,4   

  1. 1.南京师范大学地理科学学院,南京 210023
    2.江苏省地理信息资源开发与利用协同创新中心,南京 210023
    3.安徽建筑大学建筑与规划学院,合肥 230022
    4.安徽省城镇化发展研究中心,合肥 230022
  • 收稿日期:2019-04-17 修回日期:2019-08-20 出版日期:2020-04-20 发布日期:2020-06-24
  • 作者简介:李红波(1983- ),男,河南民权人,博士,副教授,硕士生导师,研究方向为乡村地理学。E-mail: lihb@njnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41501187);国家自然科学基金项目(51778002);国家自然科学基金项目(41571164)

Characteristics and type classification of rural human settlement space change from Smart Decline viewpoint: A case study of Changshu city, Jiangsu province

LI Hongbo1,2, LIU Meidou1, HU Xiaoliang1, CHEN Xiaohua3,4   

  1. 1.School of Geography Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
    2.Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application, Nanjing 210023, China
    3.School of Architecture & Planning, Anhui Jianzhu University, Hefei 230022, China
    4.Research Center of Urbanization Development in Anhui Province, Hefei 230022, China
  • Received:2019-04-17 Revised:2019-08-20 Online:2020-04-20 Published:2020-06-24

摘要:

为应对快速城镇化带来的乡村人口收缩的现实,苏南地区提出了一系列引导乡村空间收缩发展的政策。以常熟市为例,基于2005年和2017年乡村人口统计数据和农村居民点矢量数据,定量分析县、镇、村不同尺度下乡村人居空间变迁特征及差异并进行了类型划分。研究发现,常熟市乡村人居空间利用集而不约;乡村人居活动和乡村人居空间的变化特征存在不同尺度的差异性;镇域层面人居空间变化存在城镇化主导型、产业主导型、交通主导型、产业-交通复合主导型、政策主导型等五种类型;城镇化、产业、交通和政策是引起乡村人居空间变化的主要驱动因素。研究结论可以从精明收缩视角为苏南地区乡村人居空间的转型发展提供理论支撑。

关键词: 乡村人居空间, 精明收缩, 动态变化, 类型划分, 常熟

Abstract:

In order to adapt to the context of rural population contraction caused by urbanization, the local government has put forward a series of policies guiding rural space shrinkage development in southern Jiangsu. Based on the statistics data of rural population and the spatial vector data of rural land use in 2005 and 2017, this paper took Changshu city as the research area, then carried out a quantitative analysis of the trend of rural human settlement space change in different scales of county, town and village from four aspects, including rural population size, rural residential land use, internal structure and expansion direction. Finally, this paper identified different types and influencing factors of rural human settlement space change. Several conclusions were obtained as follows: (1) On the county scale, the rural human activity in Changshu was continually shrinking, but the rural human settlement space was expanding, especially in the south & southwest directions. Moreover, rural land use internal structure was becoming more non-agricultural, and overall state was diluted and extensive. (2) On the town & village scales, there were differences in change characteristics on different scales. Specifically, the rural human activity was in both contraction and expansion, and exhibited differently on different scales, which was more significant on the village scale. (3) The paper identified five types of changes in rural human settlements space of Changshu city, namely, urbanization oriented, industrialization oriented, transportation oriented, industrialization-transportation oriented and policy oriented, as well as explored its driving factors on a macro level. In short, the rural human settlement space change of Changshu city is driven by four factors containing urbanization, industry, transportation and policy. Also, this study could expand the multi-scale analysis method of rural Smart Decline, and even introduce a new theoretical perspective for the rural space transformation research.

Key words: rural human settlement space, Smart Decline, dynamic change, type classification, Changshu