地理研究 ›› 2020, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (8): 1836-1851.doi: 10.11821/dlyj020190572

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

等值化理念下中国城乡融合多维审视及影响因素

周佳宁1(), 邹伟1(), 秦富仓2   

  1. 1.南京农业大学公共管理学院,南京 210095
    2.内蒙古农业大学沙漠治理学院,呼和浩特 010019
  • 收稿日期:2019-07-08 修回日期:2020-02-07 出版日期:2020-08-20 发布日期:2020-10-20
  • 通讯作者: 邹伟
  • 作者简介:周佳宁(1990-),男,安徽池州人,博士研究生,主要研究方向为资源环境与城乡发展、土地经济与管理。E-mail: jnzhounjau@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重点项目(18AGL014)

Review of urban-rural multi-dimensional integration and influencing factors in China based on the concept of equivalence

ZHOU Jianing1(), ZOU Wei1(), QIN Fucang2   

  1. 1. College of Public Administration, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
    2. College of Desert Control Science and Engineering, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, Hohhot 010019, China
  • Received:2019-07-08 Revised:2020-02-07 Online:2020-08-20 Published:2020-10-20
  • Contact: ZOU Wei

摘要:

基于等值化理念采用全局主成分分析(GPCA)和空间自相关分析等方法,测度并审视中国城乡多维融合发展;选取空间计量模型探索推进城乡融合的体制机制。研究发现:① 中国城乡融合发展趋势向好且推进有序。社会和经济融合始终分列第一和第二主导位次,生态环境融合水平亦稳步提升。② 城乡融合热点和冷点区基本分列于“胡焕庸线”东南和西北两侧。人口融合沿东中西递减;空间融合形成“北上广”为主的“核心-边缘”区;东部沿海是经济融合扩散互溢区,而生态环境和经济融合存在空间“错位”;社会融合高值簇集中在中部。③ 破解人才瓶颈、夯实“三权分置”、健全财政体制并创新金融服务、调整产业结构和推动三产融合,打好人、地、钱、业组合拳同时规范政府行为、完善社会服务体系、构建小农户与现代农业有机衔接机制等均利于推进城乡融合。

关键词: 等值化, 城乡融合, 多维审视, 中国

Abstract:

Based on the urban-rural equivalence, the Global Principal Component Analysis (GPCA) method is used to measure the China's urban-rural multi-dimensional integration levels, and the Global and Local Moran Index, Local Getis-Ord Gi * Index are performed to reveal the spatial distribution of urban-rural multi-dimensional integration levels in China during 2000-2016. And finally, the spatial econometric model is introduced to explore the influencing factors of urban-rural integration development from the aspects of labors, land, capitals and industries. Research findings are as follows: (1) the trend of urban-rural integration development in China is well and orderly, but has regional heterogeneity. The agglomeration effect is obvious in Eastern China, and the social and economic coordination level has always occupied the first and the second places. (2) China's urban-rural multi-dimensional integration levels often show spatial autocorrelation. The HH values of urban-rural integration overall level are concentrated in Central China and Eastern China, while the LL values are gathered in Western China. The hot and cold spots are located to the southeast and northwest of Heihe-Tengchong Line, respectively. Also the high values of economic integration have always corresponded to those of ecological and environmental integration. Population integration level decreases from Eastern to Western China. Spatial integration level presents the "core-edge" structure such as Beijing, Shanghai and Guangdong. Spatial spillover effect of the economic integration development is obvious in the coastal region of China, while the development of ecological environment integration and economic integration has spatial dislocation. And the clusters of social integration high values are in Central China. (3) The ways of the urban-rural multi-dimensional integration are as follows: Firstly, we should improve the quality of rural labor forces and promote the interaction between urban and rural residents. Secondly, we should stimulate the multi-function of rural land and control the disorderly urban expansion. Thirdly, we should take financial expenditures in a reasonable range and provide a perfect financial support in urban and rural areas. Finally, industrial restructuring is also needed. And moreover, regulating the behavior of the local governments will be benefit to the urban-rural multi-dimensional integration and good governance in China.

Key words: equivalence, urban-rural integration, multidimensional review, China