地理研究 ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (12): 2819-2832.doi: 10.11821/dlyj020190644

• 观点与争鸣 •    下一篇

贫困地区的精准扶贫与乡村振兴:内在逻辑与实现机制

郭远智1,2, 周扬1,2,3, 刘彦随1,2,3()   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室, 北京 100101
    3. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2019-07-31 修回日期:2019-09-01 出版日期:2019-12-20 发布日期:2019-12-25
  • 通讯作者: 刘彦随
  • 作者简介:郭远智(1990- ),男,江西南康人,博士,助理研究员,主要研究方向为城乡发展与贫困地理学。E-mail: guoyz.16b@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41931293);国家自然科学基金项目(41871183);国家自然科学基金项目(41601172);中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(A类)(XDA23070301)

Targeted poverty alleviation and rural revitalization in poverty-stricken areas: Internal logic and mechanism

GUO Yuanzhi1,2, ZHOU Yang1,2,3, LIU Yansui1,2,3()   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS Beijing 100101, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2019-07-31 Revised:2019-09-01 Online:2019-12-20 Published:2019-12-25
  • Contact: LIU Yansui

摘要:

面向“两个一百年”奋斗目标的需要,当前中国贫困地区乡村发展正逐渐由低层次的脱贫向更高层次的振兴转变,两者的紧密关联使得减贫对于推动乡村振兴战略目标的实现具有重要意义。通过分析精准扶贫与乡村振兴的基本内涵,探讨两者的内在逻辑关系,进而从多个维度剖析贫困地区的精准扶贫实践如何助推其乡村振兴。结果表明:① 贫困地区的精准扶贫旨在科学诊断致贫因子的基础上采取针对性措施实施帮扶,从根本上消除导致贫困的各种障碍性因素;乡村振兴则重点在于通过构建城乡融合发展的体制机制,最终实现农业农村的现代化。② 精准扶贫与乡村振兴的内在一致性使得两者存在紧密的逻辑顺承性,精准扶贫是乡村振兴的关键和基本前提,而乡村振兴是精准扶贫的深化和保障,可以说农村减贫的过程也是乡村逐步振兴的过程。③ 通过要素资源合理流动和配置补齐乡村人、地、业等发展短板,贫困地区重塑了要素耦合、结构合理、功能复合的乡村地域系统,从而推动乡村产业、人才、文化、生态、组织等振兴,最终实现农业强、农民富和农村美的发展目标。

关键词: 精准扶贫, 乡村振兴, 乡村地域系统, 城乡关系, 贫困地区

Abstract:

Targeting at the needs of Two Centenary Goals, rural development in poverty-stricken areas of China is gradually transforming from poverty alleviation to rural revitalization. Since there is a close relationship between these two stages, targeted poverty alleviation practices in rural areas are of great significance to promote the realization of rural revitalization. This study analyzed the connotations of targeted poverty alleviation and rural revitalization, and investigated the internal logic between them. Then it discussed how antipoverty practices promote the rural revitalization in poverty-stricken areas. Results show that targeted poverty alleviation aims at taking countermeasures to help those who truly need them based on scientific diagnosis of the factors leading to poverty, thus all kinds of factors causing poverty can be eliminated fundamentally. The key of rural revitalization lies in establishing the system and mechanism for urban-rural integrated development, eventually realizing the modernization of agriculture and countryside. In term of the relationship between targeted poverty alleviation and rural revitalization, the former is the key and basic premise of the latter since poverty reduction guided by targeted poverty alleviation makes up the shortboard of rural development, and the latter is the higher stage and guarantee of the former since it steadily improves the abilities of rural sustainable development. Therefore, it can be said that the process of poverty alleviation in rural areas is also a process of gradual rejuvenation of the countryside. Through the rational flow and allocation of factors, such as human, land and capital, poverty-stricken areas have constructed a benign rural regional system with enough elements, proper structure and multiple functions to promote the revitalization of industries, talent, culture, ecology and organizations. Eventually, it helps to achieve the goals of strong agriculture, beautiful countryside and well-off farmers. Rural development has obvious path dependence; thus, its cyclic accumulation effect determines that the current antipoverty in poor areas should focus on the effective connection with rural revitalization, laying a solid foundation for rural sustainable development.

Key words: targeted poverty alleviation, rural revitalization, rural regional system, urban-rural relationship, poverty-stricken areas