地理研究 ›› 2020, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (8): 1755-1768.doi: 10.11821/dlyj020190678

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

非首都功能疏解背景下批发市场商户的搬迁意愿及区位再选择因素——以北京市动物园服装批发市场为例

杨成凤1(), 韩会然1, 宋金平2()   

  1. 1.安徽师范大学地理与旅游学院,芜湖241002
    2.北京师范大学地理科学学部,北京100875
  • 收稿日期:2019-08-08 修回日期:2020-01-20 出版日期:2020-08-20 发布日期:2020-10-20
  • 通讯作者: 宋金平
  • 作者简介:杨成凤(1986-),女,安徽黄山人,博士,讲师,硕士生导师,主要研究方向为城市功能疏解、流动人口城市融入等。E-mail: phoenixycf@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    安徽省自然科学基金项目(1908085QD148)

Relocation willingness and influencing factors of wholesale market merchants in the background of non-capital function dispersion: A case study of the Zoo Wholesale Market in Beijing

YANG Chengfeng1(), HAN Huiran1, SONG Jinping2()   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241002, China
    2. Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2019-08-08 Revised:2020-01-20 Online:2020-08-20 Published:2020-10-20
  • Contact: SONG Jinping

摘要:

城市转型发展背景下,通过疏解超大城市的非核心功能从而控制城市规模的过快增长已成为城市地理学研究的重要课题。北京作为首都,不仅承担着一般意义上的城市功能,同时也由于其特殊的政治地位还承担着首都的特有功能,在一定程度上北京所提的非首都功能实质上也属于非核心功能的范畴。通过对北京的研究,能够为其他超大城市的功能疏解提供借鉴。以北京市动物园服装批发市场为例,借助问卷调查、深度访谈数据和资料,利用有序Probit模型探究了批发市场内商户的搬迁意愿及影响因素,结果表明:① 从非首都功能疏解的影响来看,66.38%的商户认为疏解对商铺经营影响很大;② 批发市场商户的搬迁意愿极低,仅有12.07%的商户同意搬迁,不愿意和非常不愿意搬迁的商户分别占样本总量的37.07%和31.03%;③ 从批发市场商户搬迁意愿的影响因素来看,物流、品牌效应、搬迁消息的影响、学历、搬迁计划、员工数和租金等7个因素都显著影响商户的搬迁意愿,物流条件与集聚品牌效应是影响批发市场商户搬迁意愿最重要的因素;④ 从搬迁商户区位再选择的迁入地来看,商户选择意愿最高的迁入地为北京市其他大型批发市场,交通物流条件、租金等经营成本是商户新区位选择的主要考量因素,对迁入地优惠政策的关注度并不高。

关键词: 非首都功能疏解, 搬迁意愿, 有序Probit模型, 影响因素, 北京市动物园服装批发市场

Abstract:

In the background of transformation and development of China's cities, controlling the excessive growth of city size by means of relocating the non-core function from megacity behemoth has become an important research topic in urban geography. As the capital, Beijing bears not only the general function of city, but also the special function of the capital because of its special political status. To a certain extent, the non-capital function proposed by Beijing also belongs to the category of non-core function, which can contribute to the function dispersion of other mega-cities through the study of Beijing. Taking the Zoo Wholesale Market as an example, with the help of questionnaires and in-depth interviews, this paper investigates the relocation intention and influencing factors of merchants by Ordered Probit Model. The results show that: (1) from the perspective of the impact of non-capital function dispersion, 66.38% of the merchants think that dispersion has a great impact on the business operation of shops. (2) The willingness of wholesale market merchants to relocation is very low, only 12.07% of the merchants agree to be relocated, and the unwilling and extreme unwilling to relocate account for 37.07% and 31.03% of all the samples, respectively. (3) From the perspective of the factors influencing the willingness of wholesale market merchants to relocate, seven factors, i.e., logistics, brand effect, the impact of relocation news, education, relocation plan, number of employees and rent, significantly affect the relocation intention of merchants. Logistics conditions and agglomeration brand effect are the most important factors affecting the relocation intention of merchants in the wholesale market. (4) From the point of view of relocation location re-selection, the most desirable place for relocation is other large wholesale markets in Beijing. Traffic and logistics, rent and other operating costs are the main conditions for the new location selection, and the preferential policies of relocation location are not highly concerned.

Key words: non-capital function dispersion, relocation willingness, Ordered Probit Model, influencing factor, the Zoo Wholesale Market in Beijing