地理研究 ›› 2022, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (6): 1765-1777.doi: 10.11821/dlyj020210835

• 学术论评 • 上一篇    下一篇

行为主义政治地理学研究展望

王丰龙1,2(), 刘云刚1()   

  1. 1.华南师范大学地理科学学院 行政区划与空间治理研究中心,广州 510631
    2.华东师范大学中国行政区划研究中心 中国现代城市研究中心,上海 200062
  • 收稿日期:2021-08-25 接受日期:2022-01-05 出版日期:2022-06-10 发布日期:2022-08-10
  • 通讯作者: 刘云刚(1973-),男,内蒙古呼和浩特人,博士,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为政治地理学、城市地理学、生活空间论。E-mail: ygliu@scnu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:王丰龙(1988-),男,内蒙古赤峰人,博士,研究员,硕士生导师,主要研究方向为政治地理学、幸福地理学和地理学思想。E-mail: flwang@m.scnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(42171225);国家自然科学基金项目(42142028);国家自然科学基金项目(42071187);国家社会科学基金重大项目(21&ZD175);上海市教育发展基金会和上海市教育委员会“晨光计划”(18CG28);2021年华东师范大学中国行政区划研究中心开放研究课题

The prospect of behavioral political geography

WANG Fenglong1,2(), LIU Yungang1()   

  1. 1. School of Geography & The Center of Administrative Division and Spatial Governance, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China
    2. The Research Center for Chinese Administrative Divisions & The Center for Modern Chinese City Studies, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
  • Received:2021-08-25 Accepted:2022-01-05 Published:2022-06-10 Online:2022-08-10

摘要:

目前,国内政治地理学研究以引自西方的外生理论和偏重政治结构的静态视角为主。引入行为主义视角不仅能够强化对政治地理行为的理解和政治地理过程与机理的解释,而且能为政治地理学的学科发展做出“中国贡献”。为此,本文总结行为主义政治地理学的研究对象、研究视角和理论基础,提出行为主义政治地理学的理论框架和研究议题。具体而言:行为主义政治地理学的研究对象主要包括地理环境、政治制度/权力关系和政治主体的政治行为、环境认知和情感/态度;其视角强调对微观机制的分析、偏重可检验的规律总结和对人们主观因素的考量;行为主义政治学、政治哲学、行为地理学、情感地理学、政治心理学等相关学科的理论和方法为行为主义政治地理学研究提供了重要基础和参考;决策空间是行为主义政治地理学理论框架中的核心概念,未来研究可以深入考察地理环境对政治行为的直接影响、情感在地理环境与政治行为关系中的中介作用和基于情感的政治行动合法性建构策略。

关键词: 行为主义, 政治地理学, 行为主义政治学, 行为地理学, 情感地理学, 决策空间

Abstract:

Existing studies in Chinese political geography mainly focus on exogenous theories from static perspectives based on political structure. The introduction of behavioral approach may make some “Chinese contribution” to the development of political geography by strengthening the interpretation of political geographical behaviors and explanation of the political geographical processes and mechanisms. Therefore, this paper summarizes the research object, research perspective and theoretical basis of behavioral political geography, and proposes some potential research topics in behavioral political geography. Specifically, the research objects of behavioral political geography mainly include political subject, political behavior, geographical environment, political system/power relation and political emotion/attitude. Its perspective, different from the traditional political geographical research, emphasizes the analysis of micro-mechanisms, the pursuit of testable laws and the incorporation of subjective factors. The theories and methods in behavioral politics, political philosophy, behavioral geography, emotional geographies, political psychology and other related disciplines provide an important basis for the study of behavioral political geography. We further propose a theoretical framework of behavioral political geography, in which decision space is a key to interpret the interaction between individual's capability and cognition and the constraints or opportunities by geographical contexts and power relations. We call for more scholarly attention to behavioral political geography and more research based on the theoretical framework proposed in this paper. Future research can promote the development of behavioral political geography and help to better understand the political geographical processes by investigating the direct influence of geographical environment on political behaviors, the mediating roles of emotion in the relationship between geographical environment and political behaviors, and the strategies of constructing legitimacy for various political actions based on manipulation of emotions and risk-related discourse.

Key words: behaviorism, political geography, behavioral politics, behavioral geography, emotional geographies, decision spaces