地理研究 ›› 2022, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (6): 1748-1764.doi: 10.11821/dlyj020210906

• 学术论评 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于时空行为视角的犯罪地理创新研究框架

柳林1,2(), 吴林琳1, 宋广文1(), 周素红3, 关美宝4   

  1. 1.广州大学地理科学与遥感学院 公共安全地理信息分析中心,广州 510006
    2.辛辛那提大学地理系,辛辛那提 OH45221-0131
    3.中山大学地理科学与规划学院 广东省公共安全与灾害工程技术研究中心,广州 510275
    4.香港中文大学地理与资源管理系 香港中文大学太空与地球信息科学研究所,香港 999077
  • 收稿日期:2021-10-07 接受日期:2022-01-19 出版日期:2022-06-10 发布日期:2022-08-10
  • 通讯作者: 宋广文(1991-),男,广东廉江人,博士,副教授,硕士生导师,主要研究方向为时空行为与犯罪地理分析。E-mail: songgwen@gzhu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:柳林(1965-),男,湖南湘潭人,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向为犯罪地理及地理信息科学研究。E-mail: liulin1@gzhu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41901177);国家自然科学基金项目(42171218);国家自然科学基金项目(42001171);国家自然科学基金项目(41901172);广东省自然科学基金项目(2019A1515011065)

An innovation research framework of crime geography based on spatio-temporal behavior perspective

LIU Lin1,2(), WU Linlin1, SONG Guangwen1(), ZHOU Suhong3, KWAN Mei-po4   

  1. 1. Center of GeoInformatics for Public Security, School of Geography and Remote Sensing, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China
    2. Department of Geography, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221-0131, USA
    3. Guangdong Provincial Engineering Research Center for Public Security and Disaster, School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    4. Department of Geography and Resource Management and Institute of Space and Earth Information Science, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong 999077, China
  • Received:2021-10-07 Accepted:2022-01-19 Published:2022-06-10 Online:2022-08-10

摘要:

犯罪地理研究与时空行为领域的研究有着共同的理论基础,二者都强调时空间环境与人类行为的相互作用。犯罪行为是人类特殊行为的一种,相关实证前沿已开始重视不同犯罪相关主体(犯罪者、潜在受害者、警察等)时空行为规律的挖掘、日常活动的动态衡量及不同主体行为的交互等方面对犯罪发生的影响;时空行为研究中的活动空间、环境暴露、群体分异、活动交互等维度的成果可拓展至犯罪地理研究。近年来,两大领域的前沿成果不断涌现,但目前仍缺乏从时空行为视角对犯罪地理学研究进行系统梳理,并对两者的融合创新进行深入探讨。为此,本研究在梳理犯罪地理中时空行为的理论基础和评述犯罪者、潜在受害者、警察时空活动对犯罪时空格局的影响研究基础上,基于犯罪地理和时空行为领域的交叉维度构建犯罪时空行为创新研究的框架,尝试推进该交叉领域在理论、方法与应用等方面的发展。

关键词: 时空行为, 犯罪地理, 犯罪者, 潜在受害者, 警察, 创新框架

Abstract:

The study of crime geography has a common theoretical foundation in the study of space-time behavior, both emphasizing the interaction between spatio-temporal environment and human behavior. Crime is one kind of human behavior, relevant empirical frontiers have paid attention to revealing the space-time behavior rules and measuring the daily activities of different criminal subjects (offenders, potential victims, police, etc.) as well as the interactions between different subjects' behaviors on crime occurrence. The achievements of research on activity space, environmental exposure, group differentiation and activity interaction in spatio-temporal behavior can be extended to crime geography research. In recent years, there are increasing interdisciplinary innovations in crime geography and time geography. However, there is still a need to systematically review crime geography from the perspective of space-time behavior and discuss how to integrate and innovate both of them. Therefore, based on reviewing the theoretical basis of spatio-temporal behavior in crime geography and commenting on the influence of space-time activities of offenders, potential victims and police on the spatio-temporal pattern, this article proposes an innovative research framework of space-time behavior and crime geography based on the cross dimension. The framework would help promote the progress of the theories, research methods and application of this interdisciplinary field.

Key words: space-time behavior, crime geography, offender, potential victim, police, innovation research framework