地理研究 ›› 2013, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (9): 1645-1656.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201309007

• 生态环境 • 上一篇    下一篇

2005-2009年三江源自然保护区生态保护和建设工程生态成效综合评估

邵全琴, 刘纪远, 黄麟, 樊江文, 徐新良, 王军邦   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101
  • 收稿日期:2012-09-10 修回日期:2013-03-21 出版日期:2013-09-10 发布日期:2013-09-10
  • 作者简介:邵全琴(1962-),女,江苏常州人,研究员。主要从事GIS应用与生态信息研究。E-mail:shaoqq@lreis.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    973计划项目(2009CB421105);全国生态环境十年变化遥感调查与评估项目(STSN-14-00)

Integrated assessment on the effectiveness of ecological conservation in Sanjiangyuan National Nature Reserve

SHAO Quanqin, LIU Jiyuan, HUANG Lin, FAN Jiangwen, XU Xinliang, WANG Junbang   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2012-09-10 Revised:2013-03-21 Online:2013-09-10 Published:2013-09-10

摘要: 本文评价了三江源自然保护区生态系统宏观结构及涵养水源、保持水土、保护生物多样等主要生态服务功能,分析了自然保护区生态保护与建设工程的生态成效及其原因。结果显示,工程实施后,各自然保护区的土地覆被转类指数明显增加,生态系统宏观状况好转;保护区内草地生产力皆呈增加趋势,水域面积增加,食物供给能力提高,栖息地生境好转。森林类保护区的森林面积减少趋势得到遏制;湿地类保护区的湿地面积多呈增加趋势;草地类保护区的草地减少趋势缓解,荒漠化明显遏制,草地植被覆盖度有所增加;冰川类保护区多条冰川出现明显退缩导致冰川融水增多,有利于雪线以下草地净初级生产力的增加。

关键词: 三江源自然保护区, 生态保护和建设, 生态成效, 综合评估

Abstract: Sanjiangyuan, located in Qinghai Province, is known as the water tower of China. This paper assessed the ecological effectiveness of those projects in Sanjiangyuan, through comparisons of ecological macrostructure, soil erosion and conservation, and grassland production before and after the projects. The natural and human driving factors for effectiveness were also analyzed. The results showed that land cover change index increased obviously, which represented the ecosystem restoration in Sanjiangyuan National Nature Reserves. The increased grassland net primary production and expanded water area were helpful to supply enough food and water to wildlife. Moreover, the declining trends of forest area were restrained in forest related nature reserves. In wetland related nature reserves, wetland area was increased. In grassland related reserves, decreasing trends of grassland and enlarging desertification were also restrained, and wetland expansion and increasing vegetation cover were obvious. In glacier related reserves, retreating glacier and thawing permafrost results to increasing water were useful to vegetation growth; however, it is uncertain in the long term.

Key words: Sanjiangyuan National Nature Reserve, ecological conservation and construction, ecological effectiveness, integrated assessment