地理研究 ›› 2013, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (10): 1890-1898.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201310012

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

俄罗斯东部区域经济发展差异研究

万永坤1,2, 董锁成1, 王菲1,2, 李泽红1,2, 李富佳1,2, 李俊1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101;
    2. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2013-01-15 修回日期:2013-06-18 出版日期:2013-10-10 发布日期:2013-10-10
  • 通讯作者: 董锁成(1962- ),男,甘肃平凉人,研究员,博士生导师。E-mail: dongsc3@163.com E-mail:dongsc3@163.com
  • 作者简介:万永坤(1973- ),男,甘肃庆阳人,博士研究生,主要研究方向为资源利用与可持续发展。E-mail:wanyongk@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家科技基础性工作专项重点项目(2007FY110300)

Research on the regional economic discrepancy of eastern Russian

WAN Yongkun1,2, DONG Suocheng1, WANG Fei1,2, LI Zehong1,2, LI Fujia1,2, LI Jun1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2013-01-15 Revised:2013-06-18 Online:2013-10-10 Published:2013-10-10

摘要: 区域差异历来是国内外学者关注的热点问题,区域差异长期扩大、过分悬殊,会产生严重的负面影响;而处于转轨时期的俄罗斯,由于各种矛盾导致经济发展缓慢、区域差异不断扩大。针对俄罗斯东部地区人口分布特点,利用超越对数计量模型深入分析后发现,俄罗斯东部地区科技贡献率都较低,经济增长主要是依靠劳动力和物质资本的投入,并且劳动力对经济贡献率远高出物质资本的贡献率。要转化优势、加快经济增长,就必须把自然资源与科技创新和劳动力发展等结合起来,提高人力与物质资本的直接产出弹性和外溢弹性,是俄罗斯东部、乃至整个俄联邦增强经济实力,在国际贸易中争取最大利益的重要途径之一。

关键词: 俄东部, 区域差异, 超越对数生产函数, 岭回归

Abstract: Regional disparity has been one of the hot issues for domestic and overseas scholars.Long term expansion of regional economic disparity will lead to serious negative effects.During the transition period,various contradictions lead to slow economic development,continuously widening of regional disparity.In view of the characteristics of population distribution,we use the model of beyond logarithmic measurement and draw the conclusion that the science and technology contribution rate is low in eastern Russia.The growth of economy basically depends on the investment of labor force and material capital, and the contribution rate of labor force is far higher than that of material capital.To transform advantages and speed up economic growth,Russia should use natural resources, strengthen technological innovation and propel the development of human capital,to improve direct output elasticity and overflow elasticity of human capital and material capital.It is one of the important channels to enhance economic strength and fight for the best interest of international trade in eastern Russia and even the entire Russian Federation.

Key words: eastern Russia, regional economic discrepancy, trans-log production function, ridge regression