地理研究 ›› 2013, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (10): 1923-1936.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201310015

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

旅游产业生长点的SGGT模式与空间演化——以张家界为例

麻学锋1,2, 孙根年2   

  1. 1. 吉首大学商学院, 湖南吉首 416000;
    2. 陕西师范大学旅游与环境学院, 西安 710062
  • 收稿日期:2013-04-12 修回日期:2013-07-15 出版日期:2013-10-10 发布日期:2013-10-10
  • 作者简介:麻学锋(1970- ),男,苗族,湖南凤凰人,教授,硕士生导师,主要从事旅游产业经济学研究。E-mail:maxuefeng90@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41261024);生态旅游湖南省重点实验室开放基金(JDSTLY201209)

SGGT mode and spatial evolution of growth point in the tourism industry: Taking Zhangjiajie as an example

MA Xuefeng1,2, SUN Gennian2   

  1. 1. School of Business and Administration, Jishou University, Jishou 416000, Hunan, China;
    2. School of Tourism and Environment, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, China
  • Received:2013-04-12 Revised:2013-07-15 Online:2013-10-10 Published:2013-10-10

摘要: 界定了旅游产业生长点的概念,借鉴“路径依赖”理论重新诠释旅游地产业成长路径,提出具有普遍性SGGT模式,以张家界旅游产业生长点为例,具体分析了SGGT和空间演化过程及其动力机制。结果发现:①历史与现实是武陵源旅游生长点形成的基础,需求与培育是旅游生长点萌发的关键因素,创新与拓展是旅游生长点成长的保证,蜕变促进了旅游生长点成为旅游产业增长极;②张家界国家森林公园、天子山和索溪峪三个旅游生长点,通过“路径创造”,实现了行政管辖权的统一,后被列为世界遗产地,成为张家界旅游产业的核心生长点;③在旅游产业“集聚力”和世界遗产地管控的驱动下,天门山成为张家界新的生长点;④武陵源和天门山两个生长点的形成,是张家界旅游产业集聚和“路径创造”共同作用的结果,也拓展了张家界旅游产业的成长空间。本文有利于为旅游地政府和企业从旅游产业生长点视角理解旅游产业成长路径,更为世界遗产地旅游产业可持续发展提供科学指导。

关键词: 旅游地, 产业生长点, 路径依赖, SGGT模式, 空间演化, 张家界

Abstract: This paper defined the concept of tourism industry growth point and reinterpreted tourism industry growth path by applying the"path dependence"theory.With the example of Zhangjiajie tourism industry growth point,it put forward a universal SGGT analysis mode and researched its spatial evolution process and dynamic mechanism.The results showed:(1) specific historical conditions and social economic environment was a foundation for the formation of Zhangjiajie tourism growth point;demand and cultivation was the key factor of tourism growth point germination;innovation and development was the guarantee of tourism growth point while the tourism growth point was promoted to be growth pole by disintegration;(2)the three tourism growth points—Zhangjiajie National Forest Park,Tianzi Mountain and Suoxiyu—became the core growth points after they realized unification of the administrative jurisdiction in Zhangjiajie scenic spot by path creation and listed as a world heritage site;(3)driven by the generating power of tourism industry growth point and world heritage site management,Tianmen Mountain becomes a new growth point with its high quality tourism resources;(4)the two growth points of Wulingyuan scenic spot and Tianmen Mountain were formed as a result of joint action by tourism industry agglomeration and path creation in Zhangjiajie.The results provide a great benefit for the local government and enterprises to understand the tourism industry growth path from the perspective of tourism industry growth point and further offer scientific guidance for the sustainable development of tourism industry in the world heritage site.

Key words: tourism destination, growth point of the industry, path dependence, SGGT analysis mode, spatial evolution, Zhangjiajie