地理研究 ›› 2013, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (12): 2204-2214.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201312015

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

粤北岩溶山地土壤垂直渗漏与粒度变化特征

雷俐1,2, 魏兴琥*1, 徐喜珍1,2, 周红艳1,2   

  1. 1. 佛山科学技术学院国土资源环境与旅游研究中心, 佛山528000;
    2. 华南师范大学地理科学学院, 广州510630
  • 收稿日期:2013-03-18 修回日期:2013-08-22 出版日期:2013-12-10 发布日期:2013-12-10
  • 通讯作者: 魏兴琥(1964- ),男,博士,研究员,主要从事退化土地过程、机理及生态恢复技术研究。E-mail:weixinghu1964@163.com E-mail:weixinghu1964@163.com
  • 作者简介:雷俐(1986- ),女,硕士,从事地表过程研究与教学。E-mail:leili0106@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(31170486);广东省自然科学基金项目(S2012010009272);中国科学院西部行动项目(KZCX2-XB3-10)

Vertical distribution of migration channels and grain-size change features of soil in karst mountainous areas of northern Guangdong

LEI Li1,2, WEI Xinghu*1, XU Xizhen1,2, ZHOU Hongyan1,2   

  1. 1. Center for Research of territorial Resource Environment and Tourism, Foshan Scientific and Technologic College, Foshan 528000, Guangdong, China;
    2. School of Geography, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510630, China
  • Received:2013-03-18 Revised:2013-08-22 Online:2013-12-10 Published:2013-12-10

摘要: 选择广东粤北连南两个典型岩溶山地剖面,调查了剖面裂隙、漏斗等的垂直分布特征,采样分析了土壤粒度垂向变化。结果表明:碳酸盐岩的构造运动、差异风化和溶蚀等形成的裂隙、漏斗和孔穴在降水入渗、土壤自重力和溶蚀作用下成为土壤地下迁移的通道;漏斗、裂隙及孔穴主要分布在0-10 m的范围,根据横断面调查计算,漏斗土壤占整个断面面积的23.1%-28.1%,裂隙土占整个断面面积的5.3%-8.9%,孔穴土占0.16%,土壤面积占整个剖面面积的28.4%-37.16%。在漏斗和裂隙中土壤颗粒物以粗粉沙和砂粒为主,次为粘粒和细粉沙,随深度增加砂粒含量降低,粘粒含量总体呈增加趋势但其变化与漏斗和裂隙底部形态、角度、宽度等有关;土壤粒度分布特征证明岩溶山地土壤存在水平和垂直两个运移过程以及地表侵蚀、土壤细粒物质下渗和土壤细粒物质堆积三个迁移阶段。

关键词: 岩溶山地, 土壤, 空间分布, 粒度, 粤北山区

Abstract: In this paper, we selected two typical profiles in karst mountainous area of Liannan county, Guangdong province, the underground distribution feature of funnels and crack were investigated and grain-size parameters were measured. The results show that, main underground transport channels of soil are funnels, cracks and caves, which are formed by differential weathering of carbonate rock, abundant rainfall infiltration, gravity and corrosion. Funnels, cracks and caves distribution depends primarily on the rock composition and the joint structure, and surface range of 0-10 m is the main distribution area. The funnel soil area accounted for 23.1%-28.1% of the total cross-sectional area, while the crack soil area occupied 5.3%-8.9% of the total area, and the hole soil area is only 0.16%. The total soil area in the profiles accounted for 28.4%-37.16% of the total area of profiles. Soil grain-sizes underground are mainly coarse silt and sand, followed by clay and fine silt. The vertical grain-size distribution of soil in the funnel and crack proves that there are two processes of soil migration: the horizontal erosion and vertical leakage. There are three soil migration stages: surface erosion, infiltration of fine-grained soil material, and accumulation of fine-grained soil material in the karst mountains. The main driving force of the soil migration leakage is soil gravity and the infiltration of water gravity.

Key words: karst mountain, Soil, Spatial distribution, Grain-size, Mountain area of North Guangdong province