Abstract：In last decades, the potential contribution of SMEs to economic growth has been enhanced, due to the fact that globalization and informatization reduce the importance of economies of scale in many activities and promote SMEs' share in the market. In China, for example, SMEs have a major contribution to national employment and economic output. In 2010, SMEs accounted for about 80% of total industrial employment, more than 75% of technological innovation, and 60% of gross domestic product (GDP) in China. Therefore, it is critical to figure out the spatio-temporal development of SMEs in China and its determinants. It is against such a background that this paper takes a comprehensive examination on the provincial development of SMEs in China and its influencing factors. First, by using ArcGIS and calculating CV, we analyze spatio-temporal distribution of SMEs in China in 1997-2010. Second, based on literature review and SPSS software, we identify 20 indicators and then employ principal components analysis and regression analysis to measure the determinants of spatial distribution of SMEs in China. Lastly, we try to provide some positive advices for SMEs development in China. Our examination shows that: (1) SMEs development in China shows very clear features of spatial concentration in coastal provinces of China, and SMEs have been increasingly agglomerated since 1997. (2) The spatial distribution of SMEs is the result of comprehensive function of provincial economic strength, innovation, informatization, policy, labor, resources and transportation, while provincial economic strength, finance, market and innovation play key roles in the spatial distribution of SMEs, and informatization, labor, railway and agriculture resources are also important determinants.
宋周莺, 刘卫东. 中国工业中小企业省区分布及其影响因素[J]. 地理研究, 2013, 32(12): 2233-2243.
SONG Zhouying, LIU Weidong. Spatial distribution of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and its determinants in China. GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH, 2013, 32(12): 2233-2243.