地理研究 ›› 2013, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (12): 2270-2280.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201312021

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

国外跨海通道建设的空间社会经济效应

孙东琪1, 陆大道2, 孙峰华3, 胡毅4, 王振波2   

  1. 1. 南京大学地理与海洋科学学院, 南京210093;
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101;
    3. 鲁东大学环渤海发展研究院, 烟台264025;
    4. 住房和城乡建设部城乡规划管理中心, 北京100835
  • 收稿日期:2013-04-23 修回日期:2013-09-25 出版日期:2013-12-10 发布日期:2013-12-10
  • 作者简介:孙东琪(1985- ),男,山东单县人,博士研究生,美国佛罗里达大学访问学者,主要研究方向为城市与区域规划、城市地理学。E-mail:aibidsk@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金资助项目(41171096);国家社会科学基金特别委托项目(2007@ZH005);国家软科学重大项目(2700ZXQ4D166);2013年度江苏省研究生培养创新工程项目(CXLX13_034);北大—林肯中心2013-2014 年度论文奖学金项目

Analyzing the impacts of cross-sea channel construction on regional socio-economic development:Implications from abroad experience

SUN Dongqi1, LU Dadao2, SUN Fenghua3, HU Yi4, WANG Zhenbo2   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Ocean Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    3. Development Research Institiute of the Region Encircling the Bohai Sea, Ludong University, Yantai 264025, Shandong, China;
    4. Urban-rural Planning Management Center, Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, Beijing 100835, China
  • Received:2013-04-23 Revised:2013-09-25 Online:2013-12-10 Published:2013-12-10

摘要: 阐述了国外跨海通道建设三个阶段的背景和形成的不同效应:① 工业革命后期仅发挥通道运输功能;② 二战后因新自由主义经济兴起成为私人投资和市场经营方式;③ 全球化竞争背景下成为集体性的经济和政治策略。基于区域结构重组,从区域空间和城市空间两个层面分析了跨海通道建设的空间效应;基于政策等因素的跨界改革,分析了跨海通道建设的社会经济效应;并阐释了不同观点对跨海通道建设效应的解读。研究表明:跨海通道建设对区域发展具有重要的社会经济意义,但同时其建设和后续影响也具有积极和消极的双重特征,因此在跨海通道规划建设之初,应对其各项社会经济效应进行充分的论证,不仅要论证其效应的积极方面,更应重视其可能产生的消极影响。还应考虑通道衔接地区由于区域相邻产生的政策壁垒,从而采取积极的公共政策回应。以期为中国当前的跨海通道建设提供启示和思考。

关键词: 跨海通道, 空间效应, 社会经济效应

Abstract: Cross-sea channel, as one of the large scale transport infrastructures, affects the regional mobility and reorganization, leading to the reconstruction of the regional socio-economic development. Whereas most studies to date have analyzed the positive impacts of cross-sea channel construction on regional development, we emphasize that the negative impacts could not be overlooked. To provide a comprehensive assessments of its socioeconomic impacts, this paper first reviews the three stages of cross-sea channel construction from social background and its impacts perspectives: (1) an alternative tool of cross-sea transport in the latter Industrial Revolution; (2) a mode of private investment and market operation after the Second World War; (3) a collective economic and political strategy in the context of global competition. Secondly, based on the view of regional restructuring, we analyze its spatial impacts at both regional and city levels; based on the cross-border reform of the political and other factors, we analyze the socio-economic impacts of cross-sea channel construction. Furthermore, this paper interprets how the different views affect the regional impact assessments of cross-sea channel construction. The findings indicate that, at the beginning of cross-sea channel planning and construction, its integrated socio-economic effects should be taken into consideration, so that we could provide effective policy response to the impacts. By analyzing the abroad experience, this paper provides insights to current cross-sea channel construction in China.

Key words: cross-sea channel, spatial impact, socio-economic impact