地理研究 ›› 2013, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (12): 2281-2291.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201312022

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于人口、产业和用地结构关系的城镇化模式类型及演进特征——以长三角地区为例

边雪, 陈昊宇, 曹广忠*   

  1. 北京大学城市与环境学院, 北京100871
  • 收稿日期:2013-05-25 修回日期:2013-09-17 出版日期:2013-12-10 发布日期:2013-12-10
  • 通讯作者: 曹广忠(1969- ),男,副教授,研究方向为城市地理与城市规划。E-mail:caogzh@urban.pku.edu.cn E-mail:caogzh@urban.pku.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:边雪(1986- ),女,硕士,研究方向为城市地理与城市规划。E-mail:bianxue1112@gmail.com
  • 基金资助:
    “十二五”国家科技支撑计划重点项目(2012BAJ22B03)

Patterns of regional urbanization and its implications:An empirical study of the Yangtze River Delta region

BIAN Xue, CHEN Haoyu, CAO Guangzhong*   

  1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2013-05-25 Revised:2013-09-17 Online:2013-12-10 Published:2013-12-10

摘要: 从人口城镇化、产业非农化、用地城镇化进程的相对关系角度,在三角模型中将城镇化的协调关系模式划分为六种类型。基于长三角地区的实证研究,发现六种关系模式在空间上临近、时间上趋同。从长期均衡结果看,各县市城镇化关系模式的差异主要源于自然条件、行政区设置等固有条件,城镇化模式的多样性并存未导致经济发展水平的显著差别。从短期时序变动来看,在不同区域、不同发展阶段,不同的主导驱动力形式下的确存在效率差异,现阶段长三角地区用地城镇化进程的迅速发展与经济发展水平的快速提高高度吻合。在快速城镇化背景下对各维度进程的不匹配现象予以关注,有助于认识城镇化进程中的问题和引导城镇化健康发展。

关键词: 城镇化, 结构关系, 类型划分, 三角模型, 协调发展

Abstract: From the perspective of the coordination development, this paper comprehends urbanization from three major aspects, population, industry development and land use. An index framework is defined to identify the six types of urbanization patterns, and the types can be expressed in an equilateral triangle. The major driving force and the vulnerable aspect can be identified through this method. A case study of the Yangtze-River-Delta shows an approximate North-South spatial pattern of urbanization, with spatial adjacencies and convergence over the period 2000-2005. From the perspective of the long-run equilibrium, differences in urbanization pattern types exist generally among natural conditions and other inherent properties; which means that different types are not necessarily to lead to significant differences in the level of economic development. But from the view of the dynamic evolution during a period, land use change has been accelerating the rapid development in this specific region. Finally, the authors advocate more attention to the issue of healthy urbanization, especially in this stage of rapid development for contemporary China.

Key words: urbanization patterns, coordination development, China