地理研究 ›› 2014, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (2): 336-348.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201402012

• 城市研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

北京市居民居住满意度感知与行为意向研究

湛东升1, 孟斌2,3, 张文忠4   

  1. 1. 首都师范大学资源环境与旅游学院, 北京 100048;
    2. 北京联合大学应用文理学院, 北京 100191;
    3. 北京联合大学北京学研究所, 北京 100101;
    4. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室, 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2013-06-23 修回日期:2013-11-25 出版日期:2014-02-10 发布日期:2014-02-10
  • 通讯作者: 孟斌(1971- ),男,安徽肥东人,教授,主要研究方向为地理信息科学、城市地理等。E-mail:mengbin@buu.edu.cn E-mail:mengbin@buu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:湛东升(1987- ),男,安徽寿县人,硕士,主要研究方向为城市地理。E-mail:zhands@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41171136,40871079,41230632);北京市属高校人才强教计划资助项目(PHR201108374);北京联合大学人才强校计划人才资助项目(BPHR2012E01)

A study on residential satisfaction and its behavioral intention in Beijing

ZHAN Dongsheng1, MENG Bin2,3, ZHANG Wenzhong4   

  1. 1. College of Resource Environment and Tourism, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China;
    2. College of Applied Arts and Science, Beijing Union University, Beijing 100191, China;
    3. Institute of Beijing Study, Beijing Union University, Beijing 100101, China;
    4. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2013-06-23 Revised:2013-11-25 Online:2014-02-10 Published:2014-02-10

摘要: 提高居民居住满意度是促进宜居城市建设和社会和谐发展的重要内容。传统研究多关注客观物质设施建设,而忽略居民居住需求的实际感知,对转型期中国大城市居民居住满意度影响机制与行为意向研究还相对薄弱。选取北京市不同类型社区居民作为研究对象,采用2012年居住满意度感知评价调查数据,运用探索性因子分析和结构方程模型方法构建了“居住满意度—居住流动性意向”概念模型,重点探讨转型期北京市居民居住满意度感知因素及其与居住流动性意向相互关系。结果显示:北京市居民居住满意度感知评价主要由居住环境、住房条件、配套设施和交通出行四个维度构成,且各维度的影响效应呈现出住房条件>居住环境>配套设施>交通出行的递减趋势。居住满意度对居住流动性意向具有显著地负面感知效应。另外,居民社会经济属性特征也对居住满意度感知评价和居住流动性意向产生重要影响。本文为深入了解转型期北京市居民居住环境需求与偏好提供较好的实证案例,同时对指导居住区开发和宜居城市建设具有重要的现实意义。

关键词: 居住满意度, 居住流动性, 因子分析, 结构方程模型, 北京

Abstract: Improving residential satisfaction was an essential part of livable city construction and social harmony promotion. The traditional approach focused more on material construction instead of studying the residential perceptions on habitat environment, and the case study on residential satisfaction was relatively weak. Taking urban residents of different communities in Beijing as the study object and based on 2012 survey data, this study examined the perception factors of residential satisfaction and its relationship with mobility intention of the transitional period in Beijing by using exploratory factor analysis and structural equation model to construct residential satisfaction model. The result showed: the determinants of residential satisfaction were a four-dimension construction composed of housing conditions, residential environment, supporting facilities and traffic conditions, and its effect presented a decreasing trend in the order of housing conditions > residential environment > supporting facilities > traffic conditions. Besides, residential satisfaction has significantly negative influence on mobility intention. Lastly, residents' social-economic characteristics also had a significant impact on residential satisfaction and mobility intention.By constructing a structural equation model of residential satisfaction and its consequence effects, we can get a better understanding of residential development and construction of livable city.

Key words: residential satisfaction, residential mobility, factor analysis, structural equation model, Beijing

PACS: 

  • F299.27