地理研究 ›› 2014, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (3): 490-500.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201403008

• 土地利用与生态环境 • 上一篇    下一篇

山东省乡村转型发展时空格局

李婷婷1,2, 龙花楼1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101;
    2. 中国科学院大学,北京100049
  • 收稿日期:2013-07-05 修回日期:2013-12-09 出版日期:2014-03-10 发布日期:2014-03-10
  • 通讯作者: 龙花楼(1971-),男,研究员,博士生导师,主要从事乡村发展与土地利用研究。E-mail:longhl@igsnrr.ac.cn E-mail:longhl@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:李婷婷(1987-),女,山西太原人,博士生,研究方向为乡村发展与土地利用。E-mail:litt_13b@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41171149)

Study on the spatio-temporal pattern of rural transformation development in Shandong province

LI Tingting1,2, LONG Hualou1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2013-07-05 Revised:2013-12-09 Online:2014-03-10 Published:2014-03-10

摘要: 依据乡村转型度、“人口—土地—产业”乡村发展三要素的两两协调度及乡村协调度,定量刻画了山东省乡村转型发展类型,揭示了1990-2009年期间各转型发展类型的特征和时空分布格局。结果表明:①山东省乡村转型发展普遍存在5种类型,依次为:产业低速转型低度协调型、要素平稳转型较低协调型、产业转型趋近土地转型中度协调型、产业转型超越土地转型较高协调型与土地和产业加速转型高度协调型。②乡村转型度与乡村协调度随协调转型度的增加呈现出对称分布特点;乡村转型度与乡村协调度呈现出局部周期性变动、总体趋势增加的变化特征。③产业转型与土地转型表现出很高的协调性;人口转型与土地转型之间的协调性及人口转型与产业转型之间的协调性均随转型程度加深而同步上升。④山东省乡村转型发展时空格局表现为:“八五”时期,山东省乡村地区加速转型,以乡镇企业快速发展为该时期主要特征;“九五”时期乡村转型发展类型普遍向转型速度较低的类型转变;“十五”时期乡村转型发展速度呈现出中心地区较低、边缘地区较高的特点;“十一五”时期乡村转型发展呈现空间均质化的稳定转型态势。

关键词: 乡村转型发展, 时空格局, 人口—土地—产业, 小波分析, 山东省

Abstract: Combining three rural development elements, namely rural transformation degree, and the "two-two" coordination degree and rural coordination degree of "population-land-industry", rural transformation development types were quantitatively depicted, and the characteristics and spatial pattern of rural transformation development types were analyzed. The results show that: (1) there are five rural transformation development types in Shandong province, i.e., the type with low speed industry transformation and low coordination degree, the type with smooth transformation of rural development elements and lower coordination degree, the type with industrial transformation close to land-use transition and moderate coordination degree, the type with industrial transformation exceeding land-use transition and higher coordination degree, and the type with accelerated industrial transformation and land-use transition as well as the highest coordination degree. (2) Rural transformation degree and rural coordination degree showed a symmetrical distribution trend with the increase of coordination transformation degree, and showed a periodic change and overall increasing trend. (3) There is a very high coordination between the industrial transformation and land-use transition during the process of rural transformation development, and both the coordination degree between population transformation and land-use transition and that between population transformation and industrial transformation synchronously rose with the increase of coordination transformation degree. (4) The spatio-temporal pattern of rural transformation development in Shandong shows that: during the 8th Five-year Plan (1991-1995), rural development transformation was accelerated with the characteristics of rapid development of township and village enterprises; during the 9th Five-year Plan (1996-2000), the rural transformation development types were generally changed to the type with lower transformation speed; during the 10th Five-year Plan (2001-2005), rural transformation development types with high speed were spread to marginal areas; during the 11th Five-year Plan (2006-2010), rural transformation development in Shandong took on a spatial homogenization with stable transformation trend.

Key words: rural transformation development, spatio-temporal pattern, population-landindustry, wavelet analysis, Shandong province