地理研究 ›› 2014, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (3): 546-557.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201403013

• 区域发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

辽宁佟二堡皮革制造集群与专业市场共同演化

袁丰1, 李丹丹1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京210008;
    2. 中国科学院大学, 北京100049
  • 收稿日期:2013-01-04 修回日期:2013-08-04 出版日期:2014-03-10 发布日期:2014-03-10
  • 作者简介:袁丰(1982-),男,江苏无锡人,助理研究员,主要从事区域与城市发展研究。E-mail:fyuan@niglas.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41201111)

The co-evolution of manufacturing cluster and specialized market of leather industry in Tong’erpu Town, Liaoning Province

YUAN Feng1, LI Dandan1,2   

  1. 1. Nanjing Institute of Geography & Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2013-01-04 Revised:2013-08-04 Online:2014-03-10 Published:2014-03-10

摘要: 制造集群和专业市场分别由经济活动的生产环节和销售环节在空间上高度集聚形成,两者间互动融合已成为中国沿海地区产业转型升级的新路径。基于共同演化理论分析框架,以辽宁佟二堡镇皮革产业为例,通过实地调研和企业访谈,研究制造集群和专业市场的形成与共同演化过程及其驱动机理,重点考察政府和企业衍生在推动两者共同演化过程中的作用。研究表明,佟二堡镇皮革制造集群与专业市场遵循共生发展型演化模式,呈现出产业规模共同扩大、组织方式共同演进、产业分工共同深化的共同演化过程。东北广阔的消费市场、地方政府的积极推动、制造集群和专业市场内企业衍生是引致两者共同演化的主要原因。

关键词: 制造集群, 专业市场, 共同演化, 企业衍生, 皮革产业, 辽宁佟二堡镇

Abstract: Manufacturing cluster and specialized market are respectively formed from the high-degree concentration spatially of production section and sales section in economic activities, and their interaction and integration has become a new way for industrial transformation and upgrading in China's coastal areas. Based on the framework of theoretical analysis on co-evolution, with the leather industry in Tong'erpu Town, Liaoning Province as an example, and by means of field investigation and enterprise interview, this paper researches the formation & co-evolution process and driving mechanism of manufacturing cluster and specialized market, and focuses on surveying the functions of the government and enterprise derivation in pushing forward their co-evolution. The research shows that, the manufacturing cluster and specialized market of leather industry in Tong'erpu Town, Liaoning Province follow the evolution mode of symbiotic development, and present the co-evolution process of “co-enlargement of industrial scale, co-evolution of organization mode, and co-deepening of industrial division”. The broad consumption market in the Northeast China, the active promotion of local government, and the enterprise derivation in manufacturing cluster and specialized market are the main reasons for their co-evolution. Processing enterprises and sales merchants have promoted the formation of closer relationship between production and market network at the local place of Tong'erpu through backward and forward integration respectively. The leather industry at Tong'erpu Town has also been confronted with a series of challenges in its development process. Firstly, the appearance of modern enterprise groups is gradually disintegrating the foundation and precondition for the development of specialized market; secondly, the leather industry at Tong'erpu Town is confronted with the dilemma of insufficient talents and supporting services for its transformation; and finally, in specialized market, sales profit is higher than the leather processing profit, so plentiful capital transfers to sales field, and processing is confronted with the risk of decay. Different from the existing researches which pay attention to the impact of the adaptability change and derivation of enterprises inside certain industrial cluster on convention inheritance and diffusion, the present research expands the cognition with the mechanism of enterprise deviation's action on inter-industry co-evolution.

Key words: Manufacturing Cluster, Specialized Market, Co-evolution, Enterprise Derivation, Leather Industry, Tong’erpu Town, Liaoning Province