地理研究 ›› 2014, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (4): 721-734.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201404012

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

不同类型农户撂荒及其影响因素研究——以重庆市12 个典型村为例

李赞红1, 阎建忠1, 花晓波1, 辛良杰2, 李秀彬2   

  1. 1. 西南大学资源环境学院, 重庆 400716;
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2013-10-10 修回日期:2014-03-02 出版日期:2014-04-10 发布日期:2014-04-10
  • 通讯作者: 阎建忠(1972-),男,重庆忠县人,博士,研究员,硕士生导师,主要从事土地利用/覆被变化以及全球变化与区域响应研究。E-mail:yanjzswu@126.com E-mail:yanjzswu@126.com
  • 作者简介:李赞红(1990-),女,江苏溧水人,硕士,主要从事土地利用规划研究。E-mail:lzhsjhm@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重大国际合作项目(41161140352)

Factors influencing the cultivated land abandonment of households of different types:A case study of 12 typical villages in Chongqing Municipality

LI Zanhong1, YAN Jianzhong1, HUA Xiaobo1, XIN Liangjie2, LI Xiubin2   

  1. 1. College of Resources and Environment, Southwest University, Chongqing 400716, China;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2013-10-10 Revised:2014-03-02 Online:2014-04-10 Published:2014-04-10

摘要: 近年来,耕地撂荒因与耕地流失及粮食安全紧密联系而备受关注。反映撂荒现状并揭示其影响因素,有利于政府制定科学的政策、规划和计划。现有的研究多将农户作为一个整体,较少考虑到不同类型农户撂荒的差异。以重庆市12 个典型村为例,在农户类型划分的基础上,分析不同类型农户撂荒的差异,运用多元线性回归模型定量分析不同类型农户撂荒的影响因素。研究表明:① 不同类型农户撂荒的差异主要体现在撂荒户数比重、户均撂荒面积、撂荒面积占承包地面积比重随耕作半径的变化情况、撂荒地现状及不同时间段撂荒面积;② 野生动物影响和人均耕地面积是影响不同类型农户撂荒的共同原因。此外,影响基本型农户的因素包括户主外出经历、耕作半径和房屋离集镇距离;影响自然资产型农户的因素包括农业劳动力比重、户主外出经历、地块平均面积和耕地收益;影响人力资产型农户的因素包括家庭人口、非农收入、耕地转出面积和耕作半径。

关键词: 耕地撂荒, 影响因素, 农户, 重庆市

Abstract: In recent years, land abandonment has become a great concern in academia, as it has linkages with cropland loss and grain security. The study on the drivers and determinants of cultivated land abandonment will help the policy makers to formulate better land use planning, land consolidation and land program. Most studies take farmers as a whole, while few consider the difference among farmers' behaviors of cultivated land abandonment. This paper analyzes the difference on farmers' behaviors of cultivated land abandonment based on household survey and land plot survey in 12 typical villages of Chongqing, and explores of the factors influencing the cultivated land abandonment by adopting multivariate linear regression model. The results indicate that: 1) There are many differences among different household types in the proportion of abandoned households, abandoned area per household, the proportion of abandoned area accounted for contracted land area changed with farming radius, current status of cultivated land abandonment and the differences of cultivated land abandonment in different years; 2) The damage from wild animal and cultivated land area per capita are the common causes for cultivated land abandonment of households of different types. For type basic households, the experiences of outgoing of household head, farming radius and distance from the town are the main causes for cultivated land abandonment. The proportion of agricultural labor, the experiences of outgoing of household head, area of each plot size and cultivated land revenue have negative influences on cultivated land abandonment for type natural asset households. In addition, family population, non-farm income, farming radius and farmland transfer area affect cultivated land abandonment for type manpower asset households.

Key words: cultivated land abandonment, impact factors, household, Chongqing Municipality