Environmental externalities and the location of polluting firm in intra-city：A case study of Shenzhen, China
ZHOU Yi1,2, HE Canfei1,2, WANG Rui3, WANG Jieyu4
1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
2. Peking University-LincolnInstitute Center for Urban Development and Land Policy, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
3 Luskin School ofPublic Affairs, University of California at Los Angeles, CA, USA;
4. School of Urban Planning and Design, Shenzhen 518055, Guangdong, China
Abstract：With the rapid development of urban economy, China's urban environmental quality has become a global concern. Based on the data from the 2007 survey of pollution sources in Shenzhen, this paper explored the role played by environmental externalities in the intra-city space distribution of polluting enterprises. We found that polluting enterprises were located close to regions with lower environmental costs. Water and solid polluting enterprises were located significantly close to the city boundary but away from Hong Kong and Shenzhen Special Economic Zone so that they would not contaminate the central city and expand the negative environmental externalities to adjacent cities. Different polluting enterprises have significantly different space distribution characteristics. Water polluting enterprises were likely to be located near outflow rivers, which pollutes the cross-border river basins even more severely. Polluting enterprises were not likely to be located close to the transportation infrastructures because of the environmental costs. Ownership and operation time of enterprises have impact on pollution abatement to a certain extent. Therefore, the adjustment of the industrial layout in the transitional economy should take into account the integrity of the regional environment so that cross-border rivers would not become victims of negative externalities. This study sheds light not only on the policies of industrial structure adjustment but also on the location theory, which enlightens coordinated development of urban economy and environment.
周沂, 贺灿飞, 王锐, 王洁玉. 环境外部性与污染企业城市内空间分布特征——基于深圳污染企业的实证分析[J]. 地理研究, 2014, 33(5): 817-830.
ZHOU Yi, HE Canfei, WANG Rui, WANG Jieyu. Environmental externalities and the location of polluting firm in intra-city：A case study of Shenzhen, China. GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH, 2014, 33(5): 817-830.
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