Please wait a minute...
 首页  期刊介绍 期刊订阅 广告合作 联系我们 English
 
最新录用  |  当期目录  |  过刊浏览  |  热点文章  |  阅读排行  |  下载排行  |  引用排行
地理研究  2014, Vol. 33 Issue (5): 876-886    DOI: 10.11821/dlyj201405007
  论文 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
北京经济适用房布局特征及影响因素研究
党云晓1,2,3, 张文忠1,2, 刘志林4
1. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室, 北京100101;
2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101;
3. 中国科学院大学, 北京100049;
4. 清华大学公共管理学院, 北京100084
Spatial distribution and analysis of land-based influencing factors of economical housing projects in Beijing
DANG Yunxiao1,2,3, ZHANGWenzhong1,2, LIU Zhilin4
1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural ResourcesResearch, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
3. Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China;
4. School of Public Policy and Management, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
全文: PDF(1602 KB)  
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
摘要 20 世纪90 年代,中国开始实施经济适用住房政策。然而,在政策的实施过程中,由于不合理的布局,经济适用住房并没有切实解决中低收入家庭的住房问题。学者们通过研究发现,大多数经济适用住房被安排在城市边缘地区,缺乏配套公共设施。目前,相关研究较多关注经济适用住房的空间布局及其引发的社会问题,少有学者关注影响经济适用住房布局的因素。因此,本文试图从地方政府的视角解答影响经济适用住房布局的因素。研究提出假设,地方政府受到土地财政收入的驱动,将经济适用住房项目布置在对土地收益损失最小的地方,同时兼顾政策实施过程中的拆迁压力、住房市场结构以及公共交通便利性等。在假设基础上,对北京经济适用住房空间布局的时空特征进行分析,并构建经济适用住房布局的影响因素模型。结果发现:1999-2009 年间北京经济适用住房建设速度放慢,同时呈现向五环以外扩散及向某些点集聚的趋势;模型结果证实土地价格是政府在落实经济适用住房项目时考虑的重要因素。
服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
党云晓
张文忠
刘志林
关键词 经济适用住房空间布局土地财政北京    
Abstract:Economical housing projects have been regarded as an important method to solve housing issues of low-income families in China. Despite the heightened political will expressed by the central government, the local implementation of economical housing programs remains highly contentious and unsatisfactory. The media have consistently reported on the "unexpected consequences" associated with economical housing programs, such as residential segregation, poverty concentration, home-work separation. Existing literature tends to focus on housing affordability and equity issues in Chinese cities and the evolution and framework of economical housing policy in China. Few studies have focused on the local implementation of economical housing programs as determined by the strategic decision making of city governments. Although many scholars have stressed that land-based interests of city governments determine urban development patterns, empirical evidence on the impact of government's land-based interests on economical housing policies has rarely been published.
This paper attempts to provide an institutional explanation for economical housing projects policy implementation in Chinese cities. We argue that the location of economical housing projects is a result of local government strategic policy implementation on the basis of its fiscal and political interest. Our main hypothesis is that, while local governments account for policy implementation, land-based interest drives economical housing projects to be located to certain sites that would minimize land-based revenue loss. Besides, removing pressure, housing market structure and public transportation are important factors that influence local governments'policy implementation. Using Beijing as the case study, we employed both GIS spatial analysis method and Logistic model. Based on the spatial distribution and influencing factors that impact the layout of economical housing projects in Beijing, we found that: (1) Construction speed of initiated economical housing projects in Beijing was slowing down. (2) Newly-built economical housing projects were spreading to the urban fringe and tended to gather at some sub-districts. (3) Land price was an important factor which influenced government's decision on the location of economical housing projects. In order to reduce financial revenue loss, local governments chose sub-districts with low land price to construct economical housing projects. (4) Local governments were more likely to choose sub-districts with less old houses and more rental households.
Key wordseconomical housing projects    spatial layout    land-based interest    Beijing
收稿日期: 2013-05-06     
基金资助:国家自然科学基金重点项目(41230632)
通讯作者: 张文忠(1966- ),男,内蒙古呼和浩特人,研究员,博士生导师,主要从事城市和区域发展研究。E-mail:zhangwz@igsnrr.ac.cn     E-mail: zhangwz@igsnrr.ac.cn
作者简介: 党云晓(1987- ),女,河南济源人,博士研究生,主要研究方向为城市发展和住房问题。E-mail:dangyx.09s@igsnrr.ac.cn
引用本文:   
党云晓, 张文忠, 刘志林. 北京经济适用房布局特征及影响因素研究[J]. 地理研究, 2014, 33(5): 876-886.
DANG Yunxiao, ZHANGWenzhong, LIU Zhilin. Spatial distribution and analysis of land-based influencing factors of economical housing projects in Beijing. GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH, 2014, 33(5): 876-886.
链接本文:  
http://www.dlyj.ac.cn/CN/10.11821/dlyj201405007      或      http://www.dlyj.ac.cn/CN/Y2014/V33/I5/876
[1] 赵明, 舍雷尔. 法国社会住宅政策的演变及其启示. 国际城市规划, 2008, (2): 62-76.[Zhao Ming, Schener F. The transformation of the social housing policy in France and its inspirations. Urban Planning International, 2008, 2: 62-76.]
[2] 王承慧. 美国可支付住宅实践经验及其对我国经济适用住房开发与设计的启示. 国外城市规划, 2004, 19(68): 14-18.[Wang Chenghui. The experience of American affordable housing and its enlightenment to China affordable and economical housing. Urban Planning Overseas, 2004, 19(68): 14-18.]
[3] 张祚. 公共商品住房分配及空间分布问题理论与实践: 以新加坡公共住房和中国经济适用住房为例. 北京: 中国建 筑工业出版社, 2012: 3-107.[Zhang Zuo. The Theory and Practice of Allocation and Spatial Distribution Problems of Public Commercial Housing: Examples of Public Housing in Singapore and Economical Housing in China. Beijing: China Architecture & Building Press, 2012: 3-107.]
[4] 马光红. 中国公共住房理论与实践. 北京: 中国建筑工业出版社, 2010: 1-243.[Ma Guanghong. The Theory and Practice of Public Housing in China. Beijing: China Architecture & Building Press, 2010: 1-243.]
[5] 姚玲珍. 中国公共住房政策模式研究. 上海: 上海财经大学出版社, 2009: 43-183.[Yao Lingzhen. Studies on the Public Housing Policy System of China. Shanghai: Shanghai University of Finance and Economics Press, 2009: 43-183.]
[6] 张文忠. 经济区位论. 北京: 科学出版社, 2000: 320-324.[Zhang Wenzhong. Economic Location Theory. Beijing: Science Press, 2009: 43-183.]
[7] AlonsoW. Location and Land Use. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1964.
[8] Mills E S. An aggregative model of resource allocation in a metropolitan area. American Economics Review, 1967, (57): 197-210.
[9] Muth R F. Cities and Housing. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1969.
[10] 张文忠, 刘旺, 李业锦. 北京城市内部居住空间分布与居民居住区位偏好. 地理研究, 2003, 22(6): 751-759.[Zhang Wenzhong, Liu Wang, Li Yejin. Housings'spatial distribution and residents' preference on housing location in Beijing Geographical Research, 2003, 22(6):751-759.]
[11] 郑思齐, 符育明, 刘洪玉. 城市居民对居住区位的偏好:支付意愿梯度模型的估计. 地理科学进展, 2005, 24(1): 97-104.[Zheng Siqi, Fu Yuming, Liu Hongyu. Urban households'location preference: the estimation of willingness-to-pay grapient model. Progress in Geography, 2005,24(1): 97-104.]
[12] 党云晓, 张文忠, 武文杰. 北京城市居民住房消费行为的空间分异及其影响因素. 地理科学进展, 2011, 30(10): 1203-1209.[Dang Yunxiao, ZhangWenzhong,WuWenjie. Residents housing preferences and consuming behaviors in a transitional economy: new evidence from Beijing, China. Progress in Geography, 2011,30(10):1203-1209.]
[13] 高晓路. 北京市居民住房需求结构分析. 地理学报, 2008, 63(10): 1033-1044.[Gao Xiaolu. Modeling housing demand structure with an example of Beijing. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2008,63(10):1033-1044.]
[14] 李志刚, 吴缚龙. 转型期上海社会空间分异研究. 地理学报, 2006, 61(2): 199-211.[Li Zhigang, Wu Fulong. Sociospatial differentiation in transitional Shanghai. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2006, 61(2): 199-211.]
[15] 谌丽, 张文忠, 党云晓, 等. 北京市低收入人群的居住空间分布、演变与聚居类型. 地理研究, 2012, 31(4): 720-732.[Chen Li, Zhang Wenzhong, Dang Yunxiao et al. The spatial distribution, transition and residential pattern of low-income residents in Beijing. Geographical Research, 2012, 31(4): 720-732.]
[16] 张文忠, 刘旺. 北京市住宅区位空间分异特征研究. 城市规划, 2003, 26(12): 86-89.[Zhang Wenzhong, Liu Wang. Study on the location characteristics of residential segregation in Beijing. City Planning Review, 2003, 26(12): 86-89.]
[17] Massey Douglas S, Kanaiaupuni Shawn M. Public housing and the concentration of poverty. Social Science Quarterly, 1993, 74: 109-122.
[18] Knox Paul, Pinch Steven. 柴彦威, 张景秋, 译. 城市社会地理学导论. 北京: 商务印书馆, 2005: 164-168.[Knox P L, Pinch S. Urban Social Geography: An Introduction. Pearson Education. Beijign: The Commmercial Press, 2005: 164-168.]
[19] Bayer P R, McMillan, Rueben K. Residential segregation in general equilibrium. NBERWorking Papers, 2005, (11): 95.
[20] Akerlof G, Kranton R. Economics and identity. Quarterly Journal of Economic, 2000, 115(3): 120-129.
[21] Hoff K, Pandey P. Belief systems and durable inequalities: An experimental investigation of Indian caste. World Band Policy ResearchWorking Paper, 2004: 33-51.
[22] Apparicio Philippe, Seguin Anne-Marie. Measuring the accessibility of services and facilities for residents of public housing in Montreal. Urban Studies, 2006, 43(1): 187-211.
[23] Leung Charles Ka Yui, Sarpca Sinan, Yilmaz Kuzey. Public housing units vs. housing vouchers: Accessibility, local public goods, and welfare. Journal of Housing Economics, 2012.
[24] Ma L J C. Urban transformation in China, 1949-2000: A review and research agenda. Environment and Planning, 2002, (34): 1545-1569.
[25] 李强, 李晓林. 北京近郊区大型居住区居民上班出行特征分析. 城市问题, 2007, (7): 55-59.[Li Qiang, Li Xiaolin. The characteristics of resident's working-trip in inner-suburb of Beijing. Urban Problems, 2007, (7): 55-59.]
[26] 张永波, 翟健. 北京保障性住房空间布局探讨. 2007 中国城市规划年会论文集, 2007: 1313-1321.[Zhang Yongbo, Zhai Jian. Discussion of social indemnificatory housing location of Beijing. 2007 China Urban Planning Annual Meeting Symposium, 1313-1321.]
[27] 冯长春. 中国经济适用住房政策评析与建议. 城市规划, 1999, 23 (8): 18-21.[Feng C. A critical review of affordable decent housing policies in urban China. Planning Studies, 1999, 23(8): 18-21.]
[28] 郑思齐, 张英杰. 保障性住房的空间选址: 理论经验、国际经验与中国现实. 现代城市研究, 2010, (9):18-22.[Zheng Siqi, Zhang Yingjie. Location patterns of social indemnificatory housing: Theories, international practices and the reality in China. Modern Urban Research, 2010, (9): 18-22.]
[29] 张爱华, 冯长春. 城市经济适用住房空间布局研究: 以廊坊市主城区为例. 城市发展研究, 2009, (9): 26-32.[Zhang Aihua, Feng Changchun. The study of spatial distribution of urban affordable decent housing: A case study of the main urban zone of Langfang city. Urban Studies, 2009, (9): 26-32.]
[30] 张高攀. 基于旧城改造背景下的经济适用住房模式选择: 以北京为例. 城市规划, 2007, (11):71-78.[Zhang Gaopan. Patterns of affordable housing in reconstruction of old city: A case study of Beijing. City Planning Review, 2007, (11): 71-78.]
[31] 艾建国. 对城市经济适用住房建设用地选址的分析与思考. 经济地理, 1999, 19(5): 67-70.[Ai Jianguo. An analysis and reflection on the selection of location for urban economical and functional residences. Economic Geography, 1999, 19(5): 67-70.]
[32] 郑思齐, 符育明, 任溶溶. 住房保障的财政承担成本: 中央政府还是地方政府. 公共行政评论, 2009, (9): 109-205.[Zheng Siqi, Fu Yuming, Reng Rongrong. Who should pay for housing security programs: The central government or local governments. Journal of Public Administration, 2009, (9):109-205.]
[33] 孙斌栋, 刘学良. 美国混合居住政策及其效应的研究述评: 兼论对我国经济适用房和廉租房规划建设的启示. 城市 规划学刊, 2009, (1): 90-97.[Sun Bindong, Liu Xueliang. A review on the research on housing mix policies and its effects in American cities: its implications to the plan and construction of affordable housing and low-cost housing in China. Urban Planning Forum, 2009, (1): 90-97.]
[34] 林卡, 高红. 中国经济适用房制度发展动力和制度背景分析. 中国软科学, 2007, (1): 21-32.[Lin Ka, Gao Hong. Study on the dynamics and institutional backgrounds of the policy development on the Chinese affordable housing system. China Soft Science Magazine, 2007, (1): 21-32.]
[1] 杨雪, 谈明洪. 北京市耕地功能空间差异及其演变[J]. 地理研究, 2014, 33(6): 1106-1118.
[2] 湛东升, 孟斌, 张文忠. 北京市居民居住满意度感知与行为意向研究[J]. 地理研究, 2014, 33(2): 336-348.
[3] 朱桃杏, 吴殿廷, 陆军, 鲍捷, 郭谦, 李瑞. 城市河道公共休闲的适宜性指标体系构建与评价——兼论北京河道公共空间休闲价值[J]. 地理研究, 2014, 33(1): 157-166.
[4] 黄娉婷, 张晓平. 京津冀都市圈汽车产业空间布局演化研究[J]. 地理研究, 2014, 33(1): 83-95.
[5] 薛磊, 李琦, 刘帅. 北京城市产业碳排放的小尺度空间分布[J]. 地理研究, 2013, 32(7): 1188-1198.
[6] 余建辉, 张文忠, 董冠鹏. 北京市居住用地特征价格的空间分异特征[J]. 地理研究, 2013, 32(6): 1113-1120.
[7] 李业锦, 朱红. 北京社会治安公共安全空间结构及其影响机制——以城市110警情为例[J]. 地理研究, 2013, 32(5): 870-880.
[8] 符素华, 王红叶, 王向亮, 袁爱萍, 路柄军. 北京地区径流曲线数模型中的径流曲线数[J]. 地理研究, 2013, 32(5): 797-807.
[9] 申悦, 柴彦威, 郭文伯. 北京郊区居民一周时空间行为的日间差异[J]. 地理研究, 2013, 32(4): 701-710.
[10] 王茂军, 柴箐. 北京市产业网络结构特征与调节效应[J]. 地理研究, 2013, 32(3): 543-555.
[11] 柴彦威, 申悦, 马修军, 赵莹. 北京居民活动与出行行为时空数据采集与管理[J]. 地理研究, 2013, 32(3): 441-451.
[12] 张小虎, 张珣, 钟耳顺, 王少华, 张济. 基于建筑物空间特征的北京市城市空间结构及其机制分析[J]. 地理研究, 2013, 32(11): 2055-2065.
[13] 李玏, 刘家明, 王润, 伍宇明. 北京市高尔夫旅游资源空间分布特征及影响因素[J]. 地理研究, 2013, 32(10): 1937-1947.
[14] 陶晓丽, 陈明星, 张文忠, 白永平. 城市公园的类型划分及其与功能的关系分析——以北京市城市公园为例[J]. 地理研究, 2013, 32(10): 1964-1976.
[15] 毛小岗, 宋金平, 冯徽徽, 赵倩. 基于结构方程模型的城市公园居民游憩满意度[J]. 地理研究, 2013, 32(1): 166-178.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
版权所有 © 《地理研究》编辑部
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发 技术支持:support@magtech.com.cn