Please wait a minute...
 首页  期刊介绍 期刊订阅 广告合作 联系我们 English
 
最新录用  |  当期目录  |  过刊浏览  |  热点文章  |  阅读排行  |  下载排行  |  引用排行
地理研究  2014, Vol. 33 Issue (5): 926-936    DOI: 10.11821/dlyj201405011
  论文 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
海航航空网络空间复杂性及演化研究
焦敬娟1,2, 王姣娥1
1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所/区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室, 北京100101;
2. 中国科学院大学, 北京100049
Spatial structure and evolution of Hainan Airlines Network:An analysis of complex network
JIAO Jingjuan1,2, WANG Jiao'e1
1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modelling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
全文: PDF(1775 KB)  
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
摘要 随着民航业市场改革的推进,航空企业逐渐成为影响我国航空网络最为活跃的主体。海航航空是我国最大的股份制航空企业,其网络的空间结构和演化具有一定的典型性。因此,本文以海航航空为例,采用拓扑网络和复杂网络的相关指标,分析海航航空网络的空间结构及其演化特征。研究发现:海航航空网络仍处在不断的发展中,并逐渐呈现出小世界和无标度的特征;节点的中心性间具有较高的相关性,且介中心性位序-规模的变化速率要明显快于度中心性和邻近中心性;网络的中心性处于下降趋势,即网络内部节点的差异逐步减小;海航航空的枢纽选择从地方逐渐扩展到全国,并已基本形成了以北京、西安和海口为核心的网络结构,而其他层级结构尚不明显。
服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
焦敬娟
王姣娥
关键词 海航航空网络结构中心性    
Abstract:Along with the reforms of civil aviation market, aviation enterprises have more autonomy in the tariff, route selection, flight planning and joint restructuring of aviation enterprises, and become the most active part of the China's aviation network. Therefore, it is of great significance to the spatial structure and complexity of aviation enterprises. Hainan Airlines is the largest joint-stock aviation company in China and the structure of Hainan Airlines network has certain uniqueness. So this paper, taking Hainan Airlines as an example, analyzes its spatial characteristics and complexity and compare it with China's aviation network. As a result, we find that: (1) the network of Hainan Airlines is still in the developing stage, and shows the characteristics of small-world and scale-free;(2) the correlation coefficient between degree centrality and closeness centrality is higher than that between degree centrality and betweenness centrality, and is much higher than that between closeness centrality and betweenness centrality; (3) the slope of the rank-size curve decreases by sequence from betweenness centrality, to degree centrality, and then to closeness centrality;(4) the network centrality is gradually decreasing, and the difference of nodes is reduced;(5) Beijing, Xi'an and Hainan are the cores of the air network of Hainan Airlines, but other hierarchies are unclear yet.
Key wordsHainan Airlines    network structure    centrality
收稿日期: 2013-05-30     
基金资助:国家自然科学基金项目(41371143,41001082);中科院地理资源所秉维优秀青年人才基金项目(2011RC201)
通讯作者: 王姣娥(1981- ),女,湖南涟源人,副研究员,研究方向为交通运输地理与区域发展。E-mail:wangje@igsnrr.ac.cn     E-mail: wangje@igsnrr.ac.cn
作者简介: 焦敬娟(1988- ),女,河南安阳市人,博士生,研究方向是交通运输地理与区域发展。E-mail:jiaojj.11s@igsnrr.ac.cn
引用本文:   
焦敬娟, 王姣娥. 海航航空网络空间复杂性及演化研究[J]. 地理研究, 2014, 33(5): 926-936.
JIAO Jingjuan, WANG Jiao'e. Spatial structure and evolution of Hainan Airlines Network:An analysis of complex network. GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH, 2014, 33(5): 926-936.
链接本文:  
http://www.dlyj.ac.cn/CN/10.11821/dlyj201405011      或      http://www.dlyj.ac.cn/CN/Y2014/V33/I5/926
[1] 李小建等. 经济地理学. 北京: 高等教育出版社, 2006.[Li Xiaojian et al. Economy Geography. Beijing: Higher Education Press, 2006]
[2] 崔功豪. 航空运输地理//中国大百科全书(地理学卷). 北京: 中国大百科全书出版社, 1995.[Cui Gonghao. Geography of Air Transport//Encyclopedia of China (Volume of Geography). Beijing: Encyclopedia of China Publishing House, 1995.]
[3] O'Kelly M E. A quadratic integer program for the location of interacting hub facilities. European Journal of Operational Research, 1987, 32(3): 393-404.
[4] O'Kelly M E. A geographer's analysis of hub-and-spoke networks. Journal of Transport of Geography, 1998, 6(3): 171-186.
[5] Paul Hooper. Airline competition and deregulation in developed and developing country contexts: Australia and India. Journal of Transport Geography, 1998, 6(2): 105-116.
[6] Morton E O'Kelly. A geographer's analysis of hub-and-spoke networks.Journal of Transport of Geography, 1998, 6(3): 171-186.
[7] Piet Rietveld, Martijn Brons. Quality of hub-and-spoke networks: The effects of timetable coordination on waiting time and rescheduling time. Journal of Air Transport Management, 2001, 7: 241-249.
[8] Marco Alderighia, Alessandro Centob, Peter Nijkampc et al. Network competition: The coexistence of hub-and-spoke and point-to-point systems. Journal of Air Transport Management, 2005, 11: 328-334.
[9] Zheng Lei, John F O'Connell. The evolving landscape of Chinese aviation policies and impact of a deregulating environment on Chinese carriers. Journal of Transport Geography, 2011, 19: 829-839.
[10] 金凤君, 王成金. 轴-辐侍服理念下的中国航空网络模式构筑. 地理研究, 2005, 24(5): 774-782.[Jin Fengjun, Wang Chengjin. Hub-and-spoke system and China aviation network organization. Geographical Research, 2005, 24(5): 774-782.]
[11] Katherine Faust. Centrality in affiliation networks. Social Networks, 1997, 19: 157-191.
[12] Margaret Deery, Leo K Jago. The core and the periphery: An examination of theflexible workforce model in the hotel industry. Hospitality Management, 2002, 21: 339-351.
[13] Wang Jiao'e, Mo Huihui, Wang Fahui et al. Exploring the network structure and nodal centrality of China's air transport network: A complex network approach. Journal of Transport Geography, 2011, 19(4): 712-721.
[14] 王姣娥, 莫辉辉, 金凤君. 中国航空网络空间结构的复杂性. 地理学报, 2009, 64(8): 899-910.[Wang Jiao'e, Mo Huihui, Jin Fengjun. Spatial structural characteristics of Chinese aviation network based on complex network theory. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2009, 64(8): 899-910.]
[15] Guimerà R, Mossa S, Turtschi A, et al. The world-wide air transportation network: Anomalous centrality, community structure, and cities'global roles. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 2005, 102(22): 7794-7799.
[16] 金凤君. 我国航空客流网络发展及其地域系统研究. 地理研究, 2001, 20(3): 31-39.[Jin Fengjun. A study on network of domestic air passenger flow in China. Geographical Research, 2001, 20(3): 31-39.]
[17] Patrick Jaillet, Gao Song, Gang Yu. Airline network design and hub location problems. Location Science, 1996, 4(3): 195-212.
[18] Lin Cheng-Chang. The integrated secondary route network design model in the hierarchical hub-and-spoke network for dual express services. Production Economics, 2010, 123(1): 20-30.
[19] David Gillen, William G Morrison. Regulation, competition and network evolution in aviation. Journal of Air Transport Management, 2005, 11(3): 161-174.
[20] 金凤君, 王成金. 轴-辐待服理念下的中国航空网络模式构筑. 地理研究, 2005, 24(5): 774-784.[Jin Fengjun, Wang Chengjin. Hub and spoke system and China aviation network organization. Geographical Research, 2005, 24(5): 774-784.]
[21] 莫辉辉, 王姣娥, 金凤君. 交通运输网络的复杂性研究. 地理科学进展, 2008, 27(6): 112-120.[Mo Huihui, Wang Jiao' e, Jin Fengjun. Complexity perspectives on transportation network. Progress in Geography, 2008, 27(6): 112-120.]
[22] 莫辉辉, 金凤君, 刘毅, 等. 机场体系中心性的网络分析方法与实证. 地理科学, 2010, 30(2): 204-212.[Mo Huihui, Jin Fengjun, Liu Yi, et al. Network analysis on centrality of airport system. Scientia Geographica Sinica, 2010, 30(2): 204-212.]
[23] Wang Jiao'e, Mo Huihui, Wang Fahui et al. Exploring the network structure and nodal centrality of China's air transport network: A complex network approach. Journal of Transport Geography, 2011, 19(4): 712-721.
[24] 莫辉辉, 王姣娥. 复杂交通网络: 结构、过程与机理. 北京: 经济管理出版社, 2012.[Mo Huihui, Wang Jiao'e. Complex Transport Network: Structure, Process & Mechanism. Beijing: Economy & Management Publishing House, 2012.]
[1] 王瑶莉, 高松, 刘瑜. 青岛城市道路邻近中心性及其应用方法[J]. 地理研究, 2013, 32(3): 452-464.
[2] 王丽, 曾辉. 深圳市道路网络结构特征的成因及其景观格局效应[J]. 地理研究, 2012, 31(5): 853-862.
[3] 王茂军, 田丽英, 杨雪春. 山东省城镇网络结构与城镇网络角色识别——基于民国时期土货/洋货流通网络的分析[J]. 地理研究, 2011, 30(9): 1621-1636.
[4] 韩玉刚, 焦华富, 李俊峰. 中国省际边缘区产业集群的网络特征和形成机理——以安徽省宁国市耐磨铸件产业集群为例[J]. 地理研究, 2011, 30(5): 814-826.
[5] 金钟范. 基于企业母子联系的中国跨国城市网络结构——以中韩城市之间联系为例[J]. 地理研究, 2010, 29(9): 1670-1682.
[6] 刘承良, 余瑞林, 熊剑平, 朱俊林, 张 红. 武汉都市圈经济联系的空间结构[J]. 地理研究, 2007, 26(1): 197-209.
[7] 王茂军, 张学霞, 齐元静. 近50年来山东城市体系的演化过程——基于城市中心性的分析[J]. 地理研究, 2005, 24(3): 432-442.
[8] 曹小曙, 阎小培. 经济发达地区交通网络演化对通达性空间格局的影响——以广东省东莞市为例[J]. 地理研究, 2003, 22(3): 305-312.
[9] 付炜. 地理专家知识表示的框架网络模型研究[J]. 地理研究, 2002, 21(3): 357-364.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
版权所有 © 《地理研究》编辑部
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发 技术支持:support@magtech.com.cn