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地理研究  2014, Vol. 33 Issue (5): 948-960    DOI: 10.11821/dlyj201405013
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武陵山片区经济增长益贫性与空间差异演变——基于2000-2011年县域数据的实证分析
丁建军
吉首大学商学院, 吉首416000
The pro-poor properties of economic growth and spatial difference evolution in Wuling Mountain Area:A positive analysis of the county data from 2000 to 2011
DING Jianjun
School of Business, Jishou University, Jishou 416000, Hunan, China
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摘要 连片特困区区域发展和经济增长益贫性是当前研究的热点,但鲜有文献考察连片特困区经济增长的益贫性。以国家连片特困区区域发展与扶贫攻坚“先行先试”区域武陵山片区为研究对象,分析了近12 年来经济增长益贫性的时空差异、空间差异演变规律以及增长益贫性差异对空间差异的影响。研究发现:① 近12 年来,武陵山片区经济增长总体上具有益贫性,但时空差异明显,其中重庆、贵州片区为益贫性增长,湖南、湖北片区分别为涓滴式增长和均衡增长;② 武陵山片区内部区域差距呈先上升后下降的演变趋势,湖南、湖北、贵州、重庆4 个分片区内部差距是最主要的贡献,片区间的差距次之。4 分片区内,湖南片区内部差距最大,其次是贵州片区,重庆、湖北片区最小;③ 经济增长益贫性对空间差异演变有重要的影响,但影响程度受贫困增长曲线斜率(益贫、益富程度) 的制约。最后,针对武陵山片区整体以及4 个分片区分别提出了提升经济增长益贫性、空间格局优化的思路与建议。
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丁建军
关键词 经济增长益贫性空间差异武陵山片区    
Abstract:The development of contiguous destitute areas and the pro-poor growth effects of economy are the hot topics of regional economics in recent years, but there are few studies on the pro-poor properties of economic growth in contiguous destitute areas. As the pilot area of China's contiguous destitute areas' development and poverty alleviation strategy, Wuling Mountain Area is a typical research case. Taking it as an example, this paper analyzed the spatial differences in the pro-poor properties of economic growth, and the evolution of spatial differences in this region as well as the effect of the differences in the pro-poor properties on the spatial differences in the last 12 years.
According to this research, three conclusions can be drawn as follows. Firstly, there were obvious differences among subareas of Chongqing, Guizhou, Hunan and Hubei, while economic growth in the whole Wuling Mountain Area was pro-poor. Especially, Chongqing and Guizhou presented pro-poor growth, then, Hunan and Hubei manifested as trickle-down growth and balanced growth, respectively. Similarly, the annual poverty growth curves differed greatly. There were 6 years of pro-poor economic growth in 2000-2001, 2002-2003, 2004-2005 and 2007-2010, whereas other years, such as 2001-2002, 2003-2004, 2005-2006, 2006-2007, 2010-2011, witnessed a trickle-down growth.
Secondly, the evolutionary trend of regional disparity in Wuling Mountain Area rose up from 2000 to 2007 and then declined gradually. The largest contribution to the disparity was the internal inequalities in these four subareas, which accounted for 44.3% averagely and rose up over time. The inter-subarea disparity was also important, which made up to 36.94%, and its evolution presented an irregular W shape. Among the four subareas, Hunan had the biggest regional disparity, with the largest Gini coefficient in the whole region, which was almost twice that of Chongqing and Hubei, and Guizhou ranked second in these subareas.
Thirdly, there was obvious relationship between pro-poor properties of economic growth and the evolution of spatial differences in Wuling Mountain Area. During the pro-poor growth years, due to the poor's income growth was quicker than the others', the Gini coefficient, proxy index of regional disparity, declined with probabilities of 67.67%, 75%, 80%, 100% and 67.67% for the whole region, Hunan, Hubei, Chongqing and Guizhou, respectively. The reason is that the slopes of pro-poor growth curves were not steep enough, namely the propoor effects were not strong enough and slowed down the Gini coefficients decline.
Based on the positive analysis, this paper finally proposed some suggestions for Wuling Mountain Area and its four subareas so as to promote pro-poor effect of economic growth and optimize spatial pattern respectively.
Key wordseconomic growth    pro-poor    spatial difference    Wuling Mountain Area
收稿日期: 2013-05-29     
基金资助:国家自然科学基金项目(41361030);国家社会科学基金项目(12CJL069);湖南省教育厅青年项目(13B092);教育部人文社会科学基金项目(11YJA790070);湖南省重点社会科学基金项目(11ZDB072)
作者简介: 丁建军(1980- ),男,湖南衡东人,副教授,博士,主要从事区域经济、产业经济研究。E-mail:latt514@163.com
引用本文:   
丁建军. 武陵山片区经济增长益贫性与空间差异演变——基于2000-2011年县域数据的实证分析[J]. 地理研究, 2014, 33(5): 948-960.
DING Jianjun. The pro-poor properties of economic growth and spatial difference evolution in Wuling Mountain Area:A positive analysis of the county data from 2000 to 2011. GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH, 2014, 33(5): 948-960.
链接本文:  
http://www.dlyj.ac.cn/CN/10.11821/dlyj201405013      或      http://www.dlyj.ac.cn/CN/Y2014/V33/I5/948
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