地理研究 ›› 2014, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (6): 1140-1150.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201406014

• 经济地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国区域性金融中心的空间辐射能力

钱明辉, 胡日东   

  1. 华侨大学经济与金融学院, 福建泉州 362021
  • 收稿日期:2013-09-25 修回日期:2014-03-28 出版日期:2014-06-10 发布日期:2014-06-10
  • 通讯作者: 胡日东(1964-),男,福建龙岩人,教授,博士生导师,主要从事数量经济学和金融计量分析研究。E-mail:j_rdhu@hqu.edu.cn E-mail:j_rdhu@hqu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:钱明辉(1979-),男,辽宁鞍山人,讲师,博士研究生,主要从事数量经济学和金融计量分析研究。E-mail:68266758@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    福建省数量经济学研究生教育创新基金项目;福建省自然科学基金项目(2013J01263);福建省软科学研究计划项目(2012R058);福建省教育厅人文社科一般项目(JA12028S)

Research on the spatial radiation ability of regional financial center in China

QIAN Minghui, HU Ridong   

  1. College of Economics and Finance, Huaqiao University, Quanzhou 362021, Fujian, China
  • Received:2013-09-25 Revised:2014-03-28 Online:2014-06-10 Published:2014-06-10

摘要: 通过对中国地市级以上行政区域及部分县级行政区域金融业的空间分布格局和空间相关性的分析,将金融业的空间区位差作为衡量区域性金融中心辐射能力的指标,并在新经济地理学理论框架下,拓展传统的空间计量回归模型,对中国区域性金融中心辐射能力进行影响因素分析。结果发现:中国金融业存在着较强的空间相关性和空间溢出效应,中国区域性金融中心具有显著的空间辐射能力;中国区域性金融中心空间辐射能力不仅同本区域经济规模、金融环境和人力支撑有关,而且还受到相邻区域的经济因素和相邻区域间经济差异的影响;中国金融产业空间扩散不同于传统产业,有其本身固有的特点,其受贸易活跃程度和交通运输条件的影响并不明显。进而,本文提出了研究的理论启示和政策建议。

关键词: 金融中心, 辐射能力, 地市级, 空间计量经济学

Abstract: By the analysis of spatial distribution and spatial correlation of Chinese regional financial industry on the level of prefecture-level and above administrative region in China, we take the spatial location entropy difference as the index to measure the spatial radiation ability of the regional financial centers of China. Then under the theoretical framework of new geographical economics theory, we expand the traditional spatial regression model and make the factor analysis of the spatial radiation ability of the regional financial centers. From the empirical results of spatial radiation ability impact factors of the regional financial centers in China, we find that there are strong spillover effects of regional financial industry and regional financial centers have significant spatial radiation abilities. The spatial radiation ability of the regional financial center does not only relate to the regional economy, financial environment and human support, but also is affected by economic factors of adjacent regions and the gap between adjacent areas. Moreover, the spatial diffusion of regional financial industry is different from the traditional industries, which has its inherent characteristics that the influence of trade activity and transportation conditions is not significant. Therefore, we suggest that the Chinese government should formulate industrial policies from the three aspects of itself, the adjacent regions and the regional gap to improve the spatial radiation ability of regional financial centers. By the means of creating suitable spatial carrier and policy platform for the development of China's regional financial centers, promoting the regional financial industry cluster development, accelerating financial capital flows, integrating financial industry resources and markets, promoting the optimal allocation of social resources and the effectiveness of allocation of financial resources, avoiding vicious competition, Chinese regional financial center can achieve its goals to promote economic and social development.

Key words: financial center, spatial radiation ability, city, spatial econometrics