地理研究 ›› 2014, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (9): 1694-1705.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201409010

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限制开发区域农户薪柴消费的影响因素分析——以云南省怒江州为例

孙威1,2(), 胡望舒1,3, 闫梅1,3, 吕晨4()   

  1. 1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2.中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    3.中国科学院大学,北京 100049
    4.中国科学院大学科技管理学院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2013-12-26 修回日期:2013-05-27 出版日期:2014-09-20 发布日期:2014-11-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:孙威(1975-),男,河南开封人,博士,副研究员,主要从事区域发展和空间规划研究。E-mail:sunw@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41271146);中国科学院重点部署项目(KZZD-EW-06)

Influencing factors of firewood consumption of rural household in restricted development zones: a case study of the Nujiang Prefecture in Yunnan Province

Wei SUN1,2(), Wangshu HU1,3, Mei YAN1,3, Chen LV4()   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049
    4. College of Technology Management, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049
  • Received:2013-12-26 Revised:2013-05-27 Online:2014-09-20 Published:2014-11-10

摘要:

本文以位于国家限制开发区域的云南省怒江州为例,利用654份农户调查问卷和logistic回归模型对农户薪柴消费的影响因素进行了实证分析。研究结果表明,农户薪柴消费与家庭总人口、是否外出打工、所在行政村是否在自然保护区、所在行政村海拔是否大于2000米、所在行政村到县城的距离正相关,与上年现金支出、是否有现金补贴、住房条件负相关。在保持其他变量不变的前提下,所在行政村海拔大于2000米的农户使用薪柴的概率比海拔在2000米以下的农户高64.70%;在自然保护区的农户消费薪柴的概率是自然保护区外农户的3.26倍;所在行政村到最近县城的距离每增加1公里,农户使用薪柴的概率增加6.12%;对农户进行现金补贴会使薪柴消费概率下降38.39%。在此基础上,对限制开发区域的环保政策、财政政策、人口政策、产业政策、投资政策提出了有针对性的调整建议。

关键词: 农户, 薪柴消费, 影响因素, 主体功能区

Abstract:

The promotion of the development of major function oriented zones by 2020 is a major strategic plan in China and requires collaboration between the government and the public. The solicitation of public support for the development of major function oriented zones remains a great unmet need that has not been addressed by academics. This study used the Nujiang prefecture in Yunnan province as an example in performing empirical analyses of the influencing factors that affect firewood consumption based on 654 rural household questionnaires and a logistic regression model. Our results indicated positive correlations of rural household firewood consumption with household size, the existence of migrant workers in a rural household, location of an administrative village in a natural reserve, the location of an administrative village above an altitude of 2000 meters, and the distance from the administrative village to its county town. The probability of rural household firewood consumption increased by 24.20% with each additional person in a household, and the probability of firewood consumption was 67.18% greater in households with migrant workers than in those without migrant workers. The probability of rural household firewood consumption in nature reserves was 3.26-fold higher than that of rural households outside nature reserves. In addition, the probability of rural household firewood consumption was 64.70% greater in administrative villages 2000 meters above sea level than in those at altitudes less than 2000 meters. The probability of rural household firewood consumption increased by 6.12% with each increase of one kilometer in the distance between an administrative village to the nearest county town. Both of these two variables reflected the accessibility of energy sources other than firewood to rural households. Higher altitude and longer distance from the county town led to lower accessibility to alternative energy sources and an increased probability of firewood usage. Our data showed a negative correlation with cash expenses in the previous year, housing conditions, and cash subsidies. The probability of firewood consumption was reduced by 2.28% with each additional 1000 CNY in cash expenditures in the previous year, whereas the probability was reduced by 45.73% for each increase of level in the housing condition. Cash subsidies for rural households reduced the probability of firewood consumption by 38.39%. According to the quantitative research on the firewood consumption, the article discovered various factors which had positive or negative effects on Nujiang prefecture, these are useful enlightenments on Restricted Development Zones from reducing the firewood consumption, curbing the ecological damages and forest degradation caused by excessive firewood consumption. The article puts forward some practical policy recommendations from environmental protection, finance, population, investment and industrial policy, and hope to improve energy consumption structure and consuming behavior and alleviate antinomies between household energy consumption and ecological protection, and advance the strategy implementations in this region.

Key words: rural household, firewood consumption, influencing factor, major function oriented zones