Influencing factors of firewood consumption of rural household in restricted development zones: a case study of the Nujiang Prefecture in Yunnan Province
SUN Wei1, 2, HU Wangshu1, 3, YAN Mei1, 3, LV Chen4
1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China; 2. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China; 3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049; 4. College of Technology Management, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049
Abstract：The promotion of the development of major function oriented zones by 2020 is a major strategic plan in China and requires collaboration between the government and the public. The solicitation of public support for the development of major function oriented zones remains a great unmet need that has not been addressed by academics. This study used the Nujiang prefecture in Yunnan province as an example in performing empirical analyses of the influencing factors that affect firewood consumption based on 654 rural household questionnaires and a logistic regression model. Our results indicated positive correlations of rural household firewood consumption with household size, the existence of migrant workers in a rural household, location of an administrative village in a natural reserve, the location of an administrative village above an altitude of 2000 meters, and the distance from the administrative village to its county town. The probability of rural household firewood consumption increased by 24.20% with each additional person in a household, and the probability of firewood consumption was 67.18% greater in households with migrant workers than in those without migrant workers. The probability of rural household firewood consumption in nature reserves was 3.26-fold higher than that of rural households outside nature reserves. In addition, the probability of rural household firewood consumption was 64.70% greater in administrative villages 2000 meters above sea level than in those at altitudes less than 2000 meters. The probability of rural household firewood consumption increased by 6.12% with each increase of one kilometer in the distance between an administrative village to the nearest county town. Both of these two variables reflected the accessibility of energy sources other than firewood to rural households. Higher altitude and longer distance from the county town led to lower accessibility to alternative energy sources and an increased probability of firewood usage. Our data showed a negative correlation with cash expenses in the previous year, housing conditions, and cash subsidies. The probability of firewood consumption was reduced by 2.28% with each additional 1000 CNY in cash expenditures in the previous year, whereas the probability was reduced by 45.73% for each increase of level in the housing condition. Cash subsidies for rural households reduced the probability of firewood consumption by 38.39%. According to the quantitative research on the firewood consumption, the article discovered various factors which had positive or negative effects on Nujiang prefecture, these are useful enlightenments on Restricted Development Zones from reducing the firewood consumption, curbing the ecological damages and forest degradation caused by excessive firewood consumption. The article puts forward some practical policy recommendations from environmental protection, finance, population, investment and industrial policy, and hope to improve energy consumption structure and consuming behavior and alleviate antinomies between household energy consumption and ecological protection, and advance the strategy implementations in this region.
孙威, 胡望舒, 闫梅, 吕晨. 限制开发区域农户薪柴消费的影响因素分析——以云南省怒江州为例[J]. 地理研究, 2014, 33(9): 1694-1705.
SUN Wei, HU Wangshu, YAN Mei, LV Chen. Influencing factors of firewood consumption of rural household in restricted development zones: a case study of the Nujiang Prefecture in Yunnan Province. GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH, 2014, 33(9): 1694-1705.
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