地理研究 ›› 2014, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (9): 1706-1715.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201409011

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北京市县域都市农业可持续发展水平动态分异与提升路径

王岱1(), 蔺雪芹2(), 刘旭2, 孙鸣喆2   

  1. 1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2. 首都师范大学资源环境与旅游学院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2013-12-25 修回日期:2014-05-15 出版日期:2014-09-20 发布日期:2014-09-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:王岱(1978-),男,河北保定人,博士,助理研究员。主要从事经济地理和区域发展研究。E-mail:wangdai@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41101150、41101120);北京市自然科学基金项目(8122015)

Dynamical variation assessment and improvement strategies of urban agricultural sustainable development in Beijing at the county level

Dai WANG1(), Xueqin LIN2(), Xu LIU2, Mingzhe SUN2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resources Environment and Tourism, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China
  • Received:2013-12-25 Revised:2014-05-15 Online:2014-09-20 Published:2014-09-20

摘要:

促进都市农业可持续发展是当前加快新型城镇化进程,统筹城乡一体化发展的重要举措。本文以北京都市农业为研究对象,综合都市农业可持续发展能力时间变化轨迹刻画和空间分异格局归纳两个视角,解析都市农业影响因素的共栖关系和互动效应,结合地区特点提出合理的提升路径,以期为北京都市农业的科学发展提供科学支撑。研究表明:资源环境本底仍是制约北京都市农业发展的关键瓶颈,城镇化和工业化对北京都市农业发展影响具有两面性,宏观经济环境变化中北京都市农业显现出异常的敏感。基于研究结果,提出了促进北京都市农业可持续发展的对策建议:依托资源环境优势,拓展都市农业发展空间;瞄准城市发展需求,提升都市农业产品层次;顺应经济发展趋势,创新都市农业服务体系;创新经营管理体制,培育新型农业经营主体;发掘政策调控潜力,强化都市农业示范作用。

关键词: 都市农业, 县域, 可持续发展, 动态评测, 提升路径

Abstract:

Since mid-twenty century, urban agriculture has attracted more and more attention in the international society arising from the widened acceptance and deepened understanding to the concept of co-existence and co-development between agriculture and urbanization. In China, developing urban agriculture has become one of the critical measures of central government to promote agricultural modernization, increase living level of peasants and to minimize the distance between urban and rural areas.. Taking the urban agriculture in Beijing as the research object, this thesis analyzes the co-development and mutual influences among effect factors by combining chorological curve method and dimensional differentiation method. From the perspectives of sustainable urban agriculture, this thesis raises reasonable improvement proposals according to the specific regional characters for the scientific urban agricultural development in Beijing.
Based on the statistic data of Beijing suburbs in the period from 2004 to 2011, this thesis has selected DSR as research framework which can meet the needs for decision making and can provide sufficient data in parallel in order to evaluate and analyze the chorological and dimensional characters and changes of sustainable development of urban agriculture. Specifically, the research has covered 8 districts and 2 counties of Beijing which are the focused development areas for urban agriculture with good natural conditions for agriculture development of being high qualitative, high dense and highly efficient. From development indexes of urban agriculture in Beijing suburbs, 9 Districts/Counties have improved except for Fangshan county. However, much differences exist among these districts/counties where plain areas has more development than mountainous area, and north mountainous area achieved more development than west mountainous area.
Relevant studies have shown that the natural conditions and foundation of resources and environment are still a critical bottleneck of urban agricultural development in Beijing. Besides, urbanization and industrialization bring dual impacts to the agricultural development, and urban agriculture appears extremely sensitive in the event of any changes of micro economic environment in Beijing. Based on the research, this thesis raises the strategies and proposals for urban agricultural development in Beijing, e.g., to promote more space for urban agricultural development via taking full advantages of local resources, to improve the products hierarchy in urban agriculture when serving the market demands arising from urban development, to innovate urban agricultural service systems while keeping in line with the economic development, and to strengthen the role model influences of urban agriculture by exploiting the potential of micro policy controlling.

Key words: urban agricultural, county level, sustainable development, dynamic assessment, improvement strategies