地理研究 ›› 2014, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (10): 1793-1806.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201410001

• •    下一篇

中国工业结构演变及其环境效应时空分异

王菲1(), 董锁成2, 毛琦梁3   

  1. 1. 清华大学公共管理学院,北京 100084
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    3. 首都经济贸易大学城市经济与公共管理学院,北京 100170
  • 收稿日期:2013-11-15 修回日期:2014-05-05 出版日期:2014-10-10 发布日期:2014-10-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:王菲(1986-),女,新疆石河子人,博士,主要从事区域经济研究。E-mail: faye3611@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41271556)

Evolution of China's industrial structure and spatial-temporal differentiation in environmental effect

Fei WANG1(), Suocheng DONG2, Qiliang MAO3   

  1. 1. School of Public Policy and Management, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100048, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Beijing 100101, China
    3. College of Urban Economics and Public Administration, Capital University of Economics and Business, Beijing 100170, China
  • Received:2013-11-15 Revised:2014-05-05 Online:2014-10-10 Published:2014-10-10

摘要:

在对中国经济增长与环境变化的脱钩状态进行分析的基础上,利用工业结构特征偏向指数和1995-2010年各省29个制造业行业的相关数据,对工业结构演变与环境变化之间的关系进行定量分析,重点描述了各省工业结构的废水排放强度特征、SO2排放强度特征、固体废弃物排放强度特征的差异及变化趋势,对8大区域工业内部各行业的增长、衰退状况进行了分析,构建了地区环境污染强度影响因素的回归分析模型。结果表明:工业结构是影响区域环境质量的重要因素;1995-2010年西北及中部大部分地区工业结构废水排放强度降低的趋势在不断减弱,西南和东南部分地区工业结构的SO2排放强度有所增强,固体废弃物排放强度也一直处于较高水平。从各区域不同污染性质的行业发展差异来看,西北、西南地区、中部部分地区近十几年来高污染行业增长趋势较为明显。各地区在今后的产业结构调整及升级过程中,一方面要不断促进高附加值、高加工度、高技术产业的发展,另一方面要加强对传统“三高”产业的改造升级。

关键词: 工业结构, 脱钩, 工业结构特征偏向指数, 环境效应, 时空分异, 中国

Abstract:

Based on the description of decoupling degrees between China's environment and economic development, this paper makes a quantitative analysis of the relationship between the evolution of China's industrial structure and environment change. By using industrial characteristic bias (ICB) index and the data of 29 manufacturing sectors of each province with a time span of 1995-2010, this paper emphatically describes the impact of environment-pollution characteristic of industrial structure on the disparities of the regional environmental effect. The results show that the wastewater-discharge intensity of industrial structure in northwest China and most parts of central China reduced during this period, but this trend tended to decrease. The industrial structure of the southwest and southeast parts of China had a high level of industry solid waste discharge with constant intensification of the trend of SO2 emissions. The paper also analyzes the gross and recession of each sector of 8 regions of China during 1995-2010. The result showed that the middle reaches of the Yellow River, the north coastal area, and the northwest and southwest of China had an obvious growth in high environment pollution sectors, while the east and south coast areas, the Yangtze River and northeast China showed a contrary tendency. In addition, the paper employed regression analysis model to analyze the impact of evolution of on the disparities of the regional environmental effect. The results show that the regional industry structure is closely related to the environment quality especially for west China which is experiencing a stage of lower economic development level. At the end, this paper brings forward some suggestions on the industrial restructuring and environmental protection policies. It is important to develop the industries with high value-added, high degree of processing and high technology, and promote the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries.

Key words: industrial structure, decoupling degrees, industrial structure characteristic bias, environmental effect, spatial-temporal differentiation, China