地理研究 ›› 2014, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (12): 2239-2250.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201412003

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利用约束性CA重建历史时期耕地空间格局——以江苏省为例

龙瀛1,2(), 金晓斌1,3(), 李苗裔4, 杨绪红3, 曹雪3, 周寅康1,3   

  1. 1. 南京大学自然资源研究中心,南京 210023
    2. 北京市城市规划设计研究院,北京 100045
    3. 南京大学地理与海洋科学学院,南京 210093
    4. 金泽大学环境设计学院,金泽 920-1192,日本
  • 收稿日期:2014-05-21 修回日期:2014-09-08 出版日期:2014-12-10 发布日期:2015-03-13
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:龙瀛(1980- ),男,吉林四平人,博士,高级工程师,主要从事城市规划与定量城市研究。E-mail:longying1980@gmail.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41340016);国家重点基础研究计划(973)项目(2011CB952001)

A constrained cellular automata model for reconstructinghistorical arable land in Jiangsu province

Ying LONG1,2(), Xiaobin JIN1,3(), Miaoyi LI4, Xuhong YANG3, Xue CAO3, Yinkang ZHOU1,3   

  1. 1. Natural Resources Research Center of Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
    2. Beijing Institute of City Planning, Beijing 100045, China
    3. College of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
    4. School of Environment Design, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa 920-1192, Japan
  • Received:2014-05-21 Revised:2014-09-08 Online:2014-12-10 Published:2015-03-13

摘要:

历史时期耕地空间格局重建是土地利用/土地覆被变化研究(LUCC)的重要组成部分,受到了国内外学术界的广泛关注。已有研究多采用基于总量进行空间分配的方法。考虑到耕地连续性分布及相关空间约束特点,基于约束性元胞自动机提出重建历史时期空间格局的方法,给出了模型建立、参数识别和结果验证的方法,结合数据可获得性,以江苏省为例进行了模型应用。通过与空间分配方法进行对比,结果表明该方法能较为客观地反映历史时期耕地空间格局的演变过程,可为历史耕地研究提供新的方法借鉴。

关键词: 历史耕地空间格局, 重建, 约束性CA, HARM模型, 江苏省

Abstract:

Land-use and land-over change (LUCC) is one of the core elements of global environmental change. Large-scale and long-scale LUCC have profound effects on atmospheric composition, climate change, nutrient cycling, ecosystem, and more. The effect of human activities on the Earth has increased, especially in the past 300 years, and the resulting changes in the global environment are also profound. The reconstruction of arable land pattern over historical periods, an important part of LUCC, has been a worldwide concern in academic circles. Most of previous studies have used the total based spatial allocation approach. Taking into account the continuous distribution of arable land and spatial constraints, this paper proposes a constraint-based cellular automata model to reconstruct the historical arable land pattern. The model establishment, parameter calibration, and result validation are described in detail in this paper. We selected five constraints including soil pH value, content of soil organic matter, intensity of soil erosion, and distance to the nearest human settlements as well as distance to the nearest river, and their relationships with the arable land distribution in 1980, as the transition rule of CA, were quantitatively estimated using logistic regression. The model was applied to Jiangsu Province in China, and was compared with the conventional spatial allocation method. The results showed that the methodology developed in this study can more objectively reflect the evolution of the pattern of arable land over historical periods, in terms of similarity with contemporary pattern, than the spatial allocation methods and can provide an effective basis for the historical study of arable land. Compared to the conventional spatial allocation approach for spatial pattern reconstruction of historical arable land, this study has the following findings: (1) Borrowing ideas from urban growth simulation, constrained CA has been initially applied for reconstructing historical arable land to consider contiguous development of arable land. (2) Contemporary arable land pattern and several spatial factors were used to identify the objective transition rule of historical arable land incorporating with logistic regression, avoiding the subjectivity in some existing studies. (3) The constructed pattern can be dynamically visualized at intervals of ten years. (4) Compared with existing research, our reconstruction has high resolution (1 km grid) and is a form of land-use types (non-proportional). Reconstruction result in other coarser scale could be aggregated based on the 1-km pattern. (5) According to the characteristics of available data in the history of China, we proposed qualitative and quantitative methods to validate reconstruction results.

Key words: historical arable land, reconstruction, constrained cellular automata, HARM, Jiangsu