地理研究 ›› 2015, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (1): 15-26.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201501002

所属专题: 人地系统

• • 上一篇    下一篇

基于人地关系的旅游地理学理论透视与学术创新

黄震方1(), 黄睿2   

  1. 1. 南京师范大学地理科学学院,南京 210023
    2. 南京旅游职业学院旅游管理学院,南京 211100
  • 收稿日期:2014-06-10 修回日期:2014-10-09 出版日期:2015-01-10 发布日期:2015-01-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:黄震方(1963- ),男, 江苏扬中人,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要从事旅游地理与旅游规划研究。E-mail:zhfh@263.net

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41271149);江苏高校优势学科建设工程资助项目

The theoretical perspective and academic innovation of tourism geography based on human-environment interactions

Zhenfang HUANG1(), Rui HUANG2   

  1. 1. School of Geographical Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
    2.Nanjing Institute of Tourism & Hospitality, Nanjing 211100, China
  • Received:2014-06-10 Revised:2014-10-09 Online:2015-01-10 Published:2015-01-10

摘要:

针对旅游地理学理论研究比较薄弱和研究内容相对泛化的现状,提出将旅游人地关系作为旅游地理学研究的核心,阐述了旅游人地关系的理论内涵,认为旅游地理学是研究地球表层人类旅游活动与地理环境关系并服务于人类生活和社会经济发展的一门科学,其研究对象是“旅游地域系统”。基于人地关系的理论视角,按照旅游地理学理论体系化和科学化的发展要求,充分考虑旅游地理学旅游性、区域性、综合性和应用性的学科属性,初步构建了以旅游活动系统和地理环境系统为基础,以人地关系理论为核心,融合相关学科理论的旅游地理学理论框架。论文还梳理了旅游地理学的基本研究内容、主要科学问题和重要研究方法,强调应大力倡导地理学科学精神,改变低水平应用导向和过于偏重技术导向的研究现状,切实运用旅游地理学研究和解决国家与地方旅游发展中的重要现实问题,并在此基础上强化理论导向的思想型研究,将深刻揭示旅游人地关系地域系统的基本特征、功能结构、时空演化、基本规律、动力机制和调控途径作为旅游地理学研究的重点,通过学科特色创新、研究范式创新、理论成果创新、研究方法创新和应用价值创新,推动旅游地理学理论研究的深化、学术水平的提高和学科体系的完善,促进现代旅游地理学的本土化和中国旅游地理研究的国际化。

关键词: 人地关系, 旅游地域系统, 旅游地理学, 理论透视, 学术创新

Abstract:

:In view of the current situation that the theory study on tourism geography is relatively weak and the content relatively generalized, this paper proposes that tourism human-environment interactions should be the core of tourism geography study. It expounds the theoretical connotation of tourism human-environment interactions , and then by taking "tourism areal system" as the object of study, it defines that tourism geography is a science that studies the relationship between human tourism activities on earth surface and its geographical environment and serves man's life and social economic development. On the basis of theories related with human-environment interactions, in accordance with the requirement of developing tourism geography theory systematically and scientifically and fully considering the discipline features of tourism geography, i.e., tourism, regionality, comprehensiveness and applicability, the paper constructs the tourism geography theory framework by using tourism activity system and geographical environment system as baselines and human-environment interactions theory as the core, and by integrating theories of related disciplines. The paper also reviews the basic research content, main scientific issues and principal research methods of tourism geography, and emphasizes that the scientific spirit of geographic study should be highly promoted, and the unfavorable current research status of the low-level application orientation and the too much technique orientation should be changed. Thereby, tourism geography should be really applied to dealing with the national and regional practical tourism issues, and the theory-oriented ideological study should be intensified. Therefore, such points as the basic features, functional structure, spatial-temporal evolution, fundamental law, dynamic mechanism and regulation means, that profoundly reveal the criteria of the tourism human-environment areal system, should be the focuses of tourism geography study. On these grounds, by means of innovations in the scopes of discipline characteristics, research methods, theoretical results, research methods and application value, the paper deepens the theoretical study, advances the academic level, improves the discipline system of tourism geography and promotes the localization of modern tourism geography and the internationalization of China's tourism geographical study.

Key words: human-environment interactions, tourism areal system, tourism geography, theoretical perspective, academic innovation