地理研究 ›› 2015, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (1): 122-130.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201501011

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环渤海地区城镇化与农村协调发展的时空特征

王艳飞1,2(), 刘彦随1,3(), 李裕瑞1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
    3. 北京师范大学资源学院,北京 100875
  • 收稿日期:2014-03-21 修回日期:2014-09-25 出版日期:2015-01-10 发布日期:2015-03-17
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:王艳飞(1987- ),男,山东寿光人,博士生,研究方向为土地利用与乡村发展。E-mail:wangyf.13b@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41130748)

Spatial-temporal patterns of urbanization and rural development and their coordination in Bohai Rim region

Yanfei WANG1,2(), Yansui LIU1,3(), Yurui LI1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. College of Resources Science and Technology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2014-03-21 Revised:2014-09-25 Online:2015-01-10 Published:2015-03-17

摘要:

城镇化是区域发展的必然趋势,探究城镇化过程中农村发展响应对于理解城乡关系、区域城镇化以及农村发展具有重要的指导意义。着力构建城镇化与农村发展评价指标体系,以揭示环渤海地区城镇化与农村发展时空格局,并探究二者的协调特征。结果表明:① 环渤海地区城镇化与农村发展均存在明显的空间差异,二者高低值空间分布不完全吻合,农村发展差距整体上小于城镇化差距;② 城镇化能在一定程度上推动农村发展,但随着城镇化水平提升,二者协调程度下降,农村发展分异加大;③ 协调分析需要紧密结合城镇化与农村发展状态,三者空间分布存在多种耦合情形。认为新型城镇化背景下,统筹城乡发展需要着力打破城乡二元管理体制,创新城镇化与农村发展协调机制;应着力凸显地域主体功能,加强不同功能区间的协同;宜依托区域自身禀赋特征,探索契合当地特色的城镇化道路。

关键词: 城镇化, 农村发展, 协调特征, 时空格局, 环渤海地区

Abstract:

Urbanization is an inevitable trend with the development of industrialization. Exploring the response of rural development to urbanization process is of great importance to understand the urban-rural relationship, regional urbanization and rural development. Taking Bohai Rim region which includes 325 counties as the study object and using an integrated utilization of GIS, entropy method and coordination index model, this study investigated the spatial patterns of urbanization and rural development, and analyzed their coordination characteristics including statistical and spatial relations. The results show that: (1) The levels of urbanization in Beijing-Tianjin-Tangshan, Shandong Peninsula and central-south Liaoning are much higher than those of west Liaoning and north Hebei, while the levels of rural development in Beijing, Tianjin and Shandong are much higher than in Hebei and Liaoning, with high-level rural development areas concentrated in Beijing-Tianjin-Tangshan region and Shandong peninsula. Meanwhile, the disparity of rural development level between different regions is much lower than that of urbanization level. (2) The development of urbanization boosts the sustainable economic and social development in the rural areas to some extent, however, with the speedup of urbanization, the coordination level presents a declining trend, and the differences in rural development are generally enlarged. (3) It is necessary to analyze the coordination index based on the status of regional urbanization and rural development. Some developed areas have low level of coordination index and some undeveloped areas have higher levels. (4) To integrate urban and rural development and advance urbanization and the building of new rural areas in a coordinated manner, we should take effective measures to adapt the urban-rural dual system to the requirement of flow and linkage of urban-rural factors, promote balanced development among regions according to the policies that involve the main grain producing areas and ecological reserves, and promote urbanization based on local characteristics such as location, development stage and resources endowment.

Key words: urbanization, rural development, coordination relationship characteristics, spatial-temporal pattern, Bohai Rim region