地理研究 ›› 2015, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (2): 225-233.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201502003

所属专题: 人地系统

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基于易经阴阳的人地关系地域系统模型

周晓芳()   

  1. 华南师范大学旅游管理学院,广州,510631
  • 收稿日期:2014-07-08 修回日期:2014-09-10 出版日期:2015-02-10 发布日期:2015-02-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:周晓芳(1978-),女, 贵州织金人,副教授,博士,硕士生导师。主要从事人居环境、喀斯特景观及地理风水文化研究。Email:zhouxiaofang@m.scnu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41401189)及教育部人文社会科学项目(12YJCZH316)联合资助

The Model of Human-earth Areal System Based on Yin-yang of YI Ching

Xiao-fang ZHOU()   

  1. School of Tourism Management, South-China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China
  • Received:2014-07-08 Revised:2014-09-10 Online:2015-02-10 Published:2015-02-10

摘要:

可持续发展实质上是叠加了人文价值的以人类为中心的战略性目标,因而可持续发展理论不是人地关系理论的现阶段形式或最高形式。在纠正可持续发展理论以"人"为中心的错误基础上,基于易经阴阳思想提出人地关系中"人"和"地"互为或互不为中心,并根据阴阳"一生二"的思想提出从人地关系地域系统的"人"系统和"地"系统的两个中心假设,以"二生三"即阴阳此消彼长的关系来构建人地关系地域系统模型。通过对模型的"六合"投影研究,得出人地关系地域系统的发展轨迹和人—地的阴阳合一线、人—地关系距离演变轨迹,以及人地关系地域系统具备的复杂系统非线性动力和混沌特征。研究表明:以易经的阴阳思想解释人地关系和构建人地关系地域系统模型是探索"人地关系"在"地域"的空间规律或"人地关系地域系统"发展规律的有效方法,人地关系或人地关系地域系统模型或许就是阴阳太极八卦图。并且,作为中国地理学研究核心的人地关系应是中国地理学继续坚持的方向,而这一理论应以中国传统文化思想进行充实和发展。

关键词: 人地关系地域系统, 人地关系, 阴阳, 易经, 模型

Abstract:

Yi Ching describes all nature and human endeavor in terms of the interaction of “Yin(阴) and Yang(阳)”. This research reveals that it is achievable to apply Yin -yang model to interpret the relationship between human and nature. Firstly, Yin -yang of Yi Ching (易经) is dichotomy idea the relationship between the center "human" and "earth" of each other or not of each other, so the theory of Sustainable Development essentially is a stratigic goals which integrated with humanic values of human-centered, rather than the present stage or the highest form of Human-earth relationship. Accordingly, two centers of "human" and "earth" in Human-earth Areal System assumption means it correspond to the “yes or no” each other and the process of “一”(1) evolution to “二” (2)(一生二, from one system to two center systems). However, the relationship of “human” and “earth” not only dichotomy, but also shift and taking turns, which is another level of Yin -yang namely “二”(2) evolution to “三”(3) (二生三,from two center systems to third or three new systems), that is the evolution of Human-earth Areal System. Therefore the research built the model to describe that, and make it more clear through the projection of “Liuhe” (六合, six two dimensional plane: up, down, front, back, left, right), then got the evolution track of Human-earth Areal System, Yin-yang in one line of human-earth, the evolution track of distance between human and earth, and complex system nonlinear dynamics and chaos in the Human-earth Areal System. From that this research have shown it is effective method that use Yin and Yang of Yi Ching to explain the Human-earth relationship and build the Human-earth Areal System model, in order to explore the space rule in area of Human-earth relationship and the trail of Human-earth Areal System. Even more, maybe the Bagua(八卦图) is the best model. And, as China's geography research core, the Human-earth relationship idea should be continued, and be paid more attention Chinese traditional philosophy, methods and culture.

Key words: Human-earth Areal System, Human-earth Relationship, Yin(阴) and Yang(阳), Yi Ching(易经), Model