地理研究 ›› 2015, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (2): 247-258.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201502005

• • 上一篇    下一篇

改革开放以来中国行政区划格局演变与驱动力分析

朱建华1,2(), 陈田1, 王开泳1(), 戚伟1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2014-06-17 修回日期:2014-10-24 出版日期:2015-02-10 发布日期:2015-03-17
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:朱建华(1988- ),男, 江苏海安人,博士研究生,主要研究方向为城市地理和行政区划。E-mail:zjh198827@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41371178, 41471126)

Spatial pattern evolution and driving force analysis of administrative division in China since the reform and opening-up

Jianhua ZHU1,2(), Tian CHEN1, Kaiyong WANG1(), Wei QI1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2014-06-17 Revised:2014-10-24 Online:2015-02-10 Published:2015-03-17

摘要:

行政区划变更与社会经济发展密切相关,也影响着社会经济的健康发展。主要分析了1978年以来35年间中国县级以上各类型行政区的数量变化,根据变化特征和规律划分出四个发展阶段,阐述了各个阶段行政区划空间格局的发展变化,总结了中国行政区划演变的五种主要模式:建制变更、行政区拆分、行政区合并、建制升格以及新设立行政区。行政区划格局的演变受多种因素的影响,城镇化进程、中心城市的空间拓展、人口的集聚与增长、交通和通讯条件的改善以及政策因素都是行政区划格局演变的重要驱动力。在新型城镇化背景下,应该加强中国行政区划时空格局演变和驱动力分析,以期为中国未来的行政区划调整和城镇化的健康发展提供一些指导与借鉴。

关键词: 行政区划, 时空格局, 演变模式, 驱动力, 中国

Abstract:

The changes of administrative divisions are closely related to social and economic development, and affect the health of the social and economy development. This thesis mainly analyzes the variation in value of various kinds of administrative divisions which are above the county level during the last 35 years (1978-2013). It is divided into four stages according to the varying characteristics and pattern which are 1978-1982, 1982-1996, 1997-2003 and 2004-2013.The charts and diagrams illustrated the evolution of temporal-spatial patterns of each stage. The number and proportion of counties have been declining. During 1978-1996, the number of county-level cities had been rising and was mainly concentrated in the eastern coastal region. Thus, the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region and other city groups formed. The number and proportion of municipal districts are growing steadily. The municipal districts are concentrated in the eastern and northeastern regions. Since 2003, the spatial distribution pattern of administrative divisions is basically stable. Now, municipal districts and county-level cities are mainly concentrated in the eastern and northeastern regions, but counties are mainly concentrated in the central and western regions.This paper summarizes the five main modes of the administrative divisions of China which are the change of the organizational system, the division of the administrative districts, the combination of the administrative districts, the upgrade of the organizational system and the establishment of the administrative districts.The pattern of evolution of administrative divisions is affected by many factors. This thesis draws the conclusion that the important driving forces include the progress of urbanization, spatial expansion of the central cities, agglomeration and growth of population, the improvement of the transportation and communication conditions and the government policies. Under the new urbanization background, this paper aims to provide some guidance and references for the future adjustment of the administrative districts in China and healthy development of urbanization through strengthening the study on the evolution and driving force of the temporal-spatial pattern in China's administrative districts.

Key words: administrative divisions, temporal-spatial pattern, evolution pattern, driving force, China