地理研究 ›› 2015, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (3): 407-421.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201503002

• • 上一篇    下一篇

聚焦旅游视域下的中国边疆研究

李燕琴(), 束晟   

  1. 中央民族大学管理学院,北京 100081
  • 收稿日期:2014-10-16 修回日期:2014-12-24 出版日期:2015-03-10 发布日期:2015-03-26
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:李燕琴(1971- ),女,河北香河人,教授,硕士生导师,研究方向为社区旅游、生态旅游、游客管理等。E-mail:yunshi1999@sohu.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41101133);教育部“新世纪优秀人才支持计划”(2012);中央民族大学自主科研计划项目(1112KYZY17)

Focus on frontier research in China under the perspective of tourism

Yanqin LI(), Sheng SHU   

  1. Management School of Minzu University of China, Beijing 100081, China
  • Received:2014-10-16 Revised:2014-12-24 Online:2015-03-10 Published:2015-03-26

摘要:

旅游业是中国边疆发展的重要引擎,也是维护国家核心利益的多样化手段之一。领土边疆与文化边疆叠合、边疆开发与旅游发展过程耦合,是中国边疆旅游的最大特色,由此带来更加复杂的空间、时间场域,为中国旅游地理学者提供了宏阔的研究视域。作为有潜力的冷点研究,边疆旅游是旅游地理学结合中国现实的新增长点,在第三次边疆研究热潮中旅游学者应有所作为。在综述中西边疆旅游文献基础上,力图通过内涵与外延界定破解中国边疆旅游之题,提出狭义边疆旅游由县域边境旅游和海岛旅游组成,广义边疆旅游为黑河—腾冲一线以西的民族旅游。边疆开发与旅游发展耦合过程、旅游发展引发的边疆人口迁移、对边疆旅游需求的理解与供给管理、海岛可持续旅游开发等是当下边疆旅游研究的重要方向。边疆旅游概念界定与研究主题明晰有利于开拓符合中国地理、文化特征的可持续旅游研究。

关键词: 中国边疆, 边疆旅游, 边境旅游, 内涵与外延, 可持续旅游

Abstract:

Tourism is not only considered important to the development of China's frontier areas, but also one of many ways for protecting core national interests. In this paper, the pertinent literature is reviewed. It is concluded that: (1) The research for frontier tourism began after R.W. Bulter aroused attention upon frontier areas. (2) The general attitude among western scholars is that practice was combined closely with research in the limited frontier area studies. During the post-frontier era, scholars from Europe and America concentrated on the study of their own individual borderlands and focused on the tourist demand and transnational economic cooperation because of the fact that they had more territorial frontiers rather than cultural frontiers. On the other hand, scholars from Australia and Canada were more concentrated on how the tourism promotes the local communities' development in peripheral areas away from the center and how it protects cultural diversity under the perspective of generalized frontiers. (3) Borderland tourism studies based on economic perspective dominates in China and frontier tourism studies focused on cultural perspective have surged in recent years. Spreading from borderlands-only to other frontier areas brings the growth of research fields and draws attention to both sides of frontier economy and cultural preservation, which is good for the sustainable tourism development in frontiers and the stability of frontier communities.To sum up, the paper makes an attempt to interpret the subject of China's frontier tourism by defining the connotations and denominations, and proposes that narrowly defined frontier tourism consists of borderland tourism and island tourism, while the generalized frontier tourism refers to ethnic tourism in the areas west of the Heihe-Tengchong line (Hu Huanyong Line). The clear themes of frontier tourism research and clear definition of the concept are good for developing sustainable tourism research that fit Chinese geographic and cultural characteristics. The several important research issues are: (1) The research has been conducted on the coupling processes of the frontier economic development and tourism development in time dimension. The two processes started in the same period in China, compared with the western countries having an independent research process. (2) The research of the population migration is caused by frontier tourism development in the space dimension. (3) One of the subjects in practice level is the understanding of demands for frontier tourism such as the element of Chinese frontier mythologies and characteristics of tourists who are attracted by frontier mythologies. (4) Another subject in the practice level is the management of supply for frontier tourism. (5) Research on the sustainable development of island tourism should be strengthened.

Key words: China's frontier areas, frontier tourism, borderland tourism, connotation and denotation, sustainable tourism