地理研究 ›› 2015, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (3): 487-503.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201503008

• • 上一篇    下一篇

新时期产业区理论视角重构及相关实证研究进展

吴加伟1,2(), 陈雯1, 袁丰1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所,南京 210008
    2. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2014-08-05 修回日期:2014-12-20 出版日期:2015-03-10 发布日期:2015-03-26
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:吴加伟(1990- ),男,江苏南京人,硕士,主要从事城市发展战略与空间规划研究。E-mail:jwwu@niglas.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41130750);国家自然科学基金项目(41201111)

Progress of the reconstruction of industrial district theory and the empirical study

Jiawei WU1,2(), Wen CHEN1, Feng YUAN1   

  1. 1. Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2014-08-05 Revised:2014-12-20 Online:2015-03-10 Published:2015-03-26

摘要:

产业区作为全球区域发展最具活力的“经济—社会”空间,具有带动发展和就业、提升竞争力的作用,备受经济地理学、社会学、管理学等关注。经典产业区理论强调集聚经济、专业化分工、本地制度等内生因素对其成长演化作用,但在经济全球化、区域一体化与技术变革等现实背景以及制度文化、关系、尺度、演化转向等理论背景下,经典产业区理论对产业区外部化、“锁定”效应、空间功能转变等解释的局限性日益凸显。首先,通过国外产业区研究进展综述,发现新时期研究呈现由产业区系统向企业战略、本地根植向全球网络、自发增长向多元化管治、生命周期理论向多重路径依赖等视角转变;其次,对新时期产业区成长演化路径、影响因素及效应的实证研究进行梳理;最后,在总结国内相关研究进展的基础上指出中国未来产业区研究的不足和方向。

关键词: 产业区, 全球化, 理论重构, 转型升级, 研究进展

Abstract:

As the most dynamic "economy-society" space in the progress of regional development, industrial district has the function of driving the development, enhancing the rate of employment and strengthening competitiveness, which arouses much attention from economic geography, sociology, management science and so on. Classical industrial district theory places emphasis on the impact of the endogenous factors on its evolution, such as the agglomeration economies, specialized division of labor and institutional environment. But under the background of economic globalization, regional integration and technological change, and the trends of institutional turn, cultural turn, relational turn, scalar turn and evolutional turn, the classical industrial district theory is limited to explain the externalization of industrial district, "lock-in" effect, and the transformation of space function. Through the review of the research progress of industrial district, it can be found that the angle of research in the new period has changed, which is from system dynamics to firms strategy, from local embeddedness to global network, from spontaneous growth to pluralistic governance, from life cycle theory to multiple path-dependence. At the same time, the related empirical research of industrial district evolution is also following up: (1) Based on the reconstruction of industrial district theory, scholars have discussed upgrading paths of industrial district from several aspects, such as production organizational form, innovation mode, spatial structure and function, governance policies. (2) Strategic behavior of leading firm, global production network, institutional and technological innovation have become the new focus of evolution mechanism research of industrial district. (3) The influence of industrial district development on the evolution of local and global production network, regional society and economy development and urban spatial structure has attracted much attention. Then, we summarize the progress of industrial district study in China, and on this basis, we estimate the development and research direction of industrial district in China: (1) A theoretical framework, which reflects the development law of industrial district in China, should be built. (2) The evolution law of the interior space form of industrial district and its relationship with urban space should be explored. (3) The evolution mechanism of industrial districts needs to be further examined. (4) The evolution trend and its effect of industrial districts remain to be perfect.

Key words: industrial district, globalization, theoretical reconstruction, transformation and upgrading, research progress