地理研究 ›› 2015, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (3): 587-598.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201503016

• • 上一篇    

旅游城镇化背景下古镇用地格局演变及其驱动机制——以周庄为例

吴丽敏1(), 黄震方1(), 曹芳东1, 周玮2   

  1. 1. 南京师范大学地理科学学院,南京 210023
    2. 南京工业职业技术学院经济管理学院,南京 210023
  • 收稿日期:2014-10-02 修回日期:2015-01-05 出版日期:2015-03-10 发布日期:2015-03-26
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:吴丽敏(1989- ),女,江苏泰州人,博士研究生,主要从事旅游地理与旅游规划研究。E-mail:wulimin89@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41271149, 41401144);教育部人文社科基金项目(14YJCZH228);江苏高校优势学科建设工程资助项目(PAPD)

Land use pattern evolution and its driving mechanism of an ancient town under the background of tourism urbanization:A case study of Zhouzhuang

Limin WU1(), Zhenfang HUANG1(), Fangdong CAO1, Wei Zhou2   

  1. 1. College of Geographical Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
    2. School of Economics and Management, Nanjing Institute of Industry Technology, Nanjing 210023, China
  • Received:2014-10-02 Revised:2015-01-05 Online:2015-03-10 Published:2015-03-26

摘要:

在旅游城镇化背景下,古镇用地的城镇化尤其是用地格局的演变特征与驱动机制问题,是古镇旅游研究的重要科学问题。综合运用高分辨率遥感影像、GIS空间分析和田野调查等技术与方法,对周庄旅游古镇2002-2012年用地格局演变及其驱动机制进行分析,结果表明:① 十年间土地转移量明显增多,城镇化的快速发展以及旅游业的转型升级推动了农林地转化成旅游与公管服务等建设用地的进程;② 除农林地与水域外,其余土地利用类型动态度均为正,旅游用地、公管与公服用地和工业用地的动态度较大;③ 旅游引导下的古镇用地类型在空间上呈现出以古镇景区为核心,不断向周边外围拓展的演变态势,用地结构表现为“同心圆+扇形”模式;④ 在自然地理环境约束、政府行为与政策引导、经济发展与产业转型、社会生产方式转变等内外双重驱动下共同导致了用地格局的空间转换。加强古镇用地格局的演变及其驱动机制研究,有助于处理好古镇保护与旅游发展的关系,节约与集约利用土地资源,引导古镇旅游城镇化的健康发展。

关键词: 古镇, 用地格局, 驱动机制, 旅游城镇化, 周庄

Abstract:

Under the background of tourism urbanization, the urbanization of land use of the ancient town is an important scientific problem, especially the evolution and driving mechanism of land use pattern. Combined with the methods of high-resolution remote sensing images, spatial analysis of GIS and the field research, the study selects Zhouzhuang as the typical case of the ancient town and analyzes the evolution and its driving mechanism of land use pattern from 2002 to 2012. The results are obtained as follows. (1) The amount of land transfer is increasing obviously in the ten years. It is the rapid development of urbanization and the transformation and upgrade of the tourism industry that promote the transformation progress, i.e. from the land use of agriculture and forestry into the construction land use of tourism and public services, etc. (2) Apart from the land use of agriculture and forestry as well as water area, the dynamic degree of other types of land use is positive value. Meanwhile, the dynamic degree of the land use of tourism, public management, public services land and industrial land are gradually increasing. (3) The land use types of ancient town, which are mainly for tourism, displays the change trend of expanding gradually to the periphery from the core of the scenic spots of the ancient town. In addition, the structure of land use shows the mode of "concentric circles plus the shape of fan". (4) The space conversion of land use pattern is caused by the internal and external driving forces, such as the limitation of natural geographical environment, the government behavior and policy guidance, the economic development and industrial transformation, the change of social production mode. Therefore, the effective way should be constructed by the tourism development, the fusion of industry and town, the government regulation and the market guidance based on the advantage of cultural resource of itself so as to promote the quality of urbanization. Finally, the efficient use and intensive development of the land resource of the ancient town can be realized.

Key words: ancient town, land use pattern, driving mechanism, tourism urbanization, Zhouzhuang