地理研究 ›› 2015, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (4): 601-613.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201504001

• •    下一篇

论中国“多规”分立及其演化与融合问题

顾朝林()   

  1. 清华大学建筑学院城市规划系, 北京 100084
  • 收稿日期:2014-12-13 修回日期:2015-02-10 出版日期:2015-04-10 发布日期:2015-06-12
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:顾朝林(1958- ),男,江苏靖江人,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向为城市与区域规划。E-mail: gucl@tsinghua.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家科技支撑计划项目(2014BAL04B01);国家社会科学基金重大项目(14ZD026);南京市“十三五”规划前期研究重大课题

On the separation of China's spatial plans and their evolution and integration

Chaolin GU()   

  1. Departments of Urban Planning, School of Architecture, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
  • Received:2014-12-13 Revised:2015-02-10 Online:2015-04-10 Published:2015-06-12

摘要:

系统研究了国民经济和社会发展规划、城市总体规划、土地利用规划、环境保护规划等“类空间”规划“多规”分立及其演化过程,肯定了各项规划的历史地位和发挥的专业智慧作用,但由于中国处在计划经济体制向社会主义市场经济体制的转型期,这些规划的目标、规划理论、编制方法和实施途径的趋同化明显,导致了规划内容交叉冲突、实施和协调难度大和规划失效现象。规划界和地方政府开始推行“多规合一”实践,但存在条块分割的政府管理体制、规划法规依据不一、规划期限和发展目标差异以及规划编制技术标准不同,难以达到协调和协同的目的。根据中国国情和面向市场经济体制改革,需要建立基于“多规融合”的区域发展总体规划制度框架,实现“一级政府、一本规划”和“一本规划干到底”。

关键词: 空间规划, 多规分立, 多规融合, 区域发展总体规划

Abstract:

This paper systematically reviews the separation and evolution of China's national plans, including those on social and economic development, urban planning, land use, and environmental protection. While affirming the roles these plans have played in the past due to their professional and technological expertise, this paper holds that national plans have been quite homogeneous in terms of the goals they aim to achieve, the theoretical models they are founded upon, the ways they are compiled, and the means by which they are implemented. The cause of such homogeneity is that these plans have all been made during the process of China's transformation from a planned economy to a market economy. As a result, they are overlapping, conflicting, hard to implement and coordinate, and often fail to achieve what they are aimed at. To address this situation, China's planners and local governments are starting to advocate the integration of individual plans. However, planers and local governments are struggling to balance and coordinate these plans, because of barriers between different regions and government departments, and due to the differences these plans themselves have in the legal basis they are built upon, their durations and goals, and the technological criteria they follow. Given China's national conditions during its market-based reform, it is necessary for us to put into place a framework of overall regional development plans, whereby individual plans are integrated, each level of government has its own measures for implementing plans, and all their measures are thoroughly carried out.

Key words: spatial plans, separation, integration, overall regional development plans