地理研究 ›› 2015, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (4): 614-630.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201504002

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城市化领域的研究进展和科学问题

陈明星()   

  1. 1. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2015-01-07 修回日期:2015-03-20 出版日期:2015-04-10 发布日期:2015-06-11
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:陈明星(1982- ),男,安徽巢湖人,博士,副研究员,研究方向为城市化与区域发展。E-mail: chenmx@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41001080,41430636,41271184)

Research progress and scientific issues in the field of urbanization

Mingxing CHEN()   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2015-01-07 Revised:2015-03-20 Online:2015-04-10 Published:2015-06-11

摘要:

2014年国家印发了“新型城镇化规划”,标志着中国城市化进入由“数量增长型”向“质量提升型”的转型期,并将新型城市化作为国家未来相当长时期的重要工作内容,为城市化领域研究提供了重大机遇。国际上,城市化的基础理论和内容体系已基本形成并不断丰富,研究阶段持续深化,领域持续扩展,研究方法手段持续改善和进步。国内城市化研究起步晚、进展快,在中国特色城市化合理进程的科学认知与思辨等诸多议题上取得了显著成果。展望未来,提出了城市化领域的5个科学问题及其子问题:城市化的跨学科特性与成立城市化学科,城市化概念、原理、方法等基础理论体系的构建,城市化的区域特性以及与城乡统筹的相互关系,可持续城市化的发展模式与空间格局研究,大数据支持下城市化和智慧城市的系统集成与模拟平台研究。

关键词: 城市化, 研究进展, 科学问题, 新型城镇化, 国家战略

Abstract:

In 2014, the "National New Urbanization Planning" was issued, which indicates that China's urbanization has entered into a transition period from "quantity growth" to "quality improvement". New urbanization will be an important work for the future China in quite a long period of time, which provides a significant opportunity for urbanization field research. This paper gives a general review on the domestic and foreign research progress in time. Internationally, the basic theory and theoretical system of urbanization have come into being. They have been enriched gradually with the deepening of the research. The research field has been expanded. The research methods have been improved. As for China's urbanization research, it developed fast despite a late start, and has made remarkable achievements in many fields, such as the scientific cognition and thoughts of a reasonable urbanization process with Chinese characteristics. In the future, five front scientific issues and their sub-issues in urbanization research have been put forward, such as the interdisciplinary features of urbanization and the establishment of urbanization discipline; the concept, principle, and method of the construction of urbanization basic theoretical system; the regional characteristics of urbanization and relationships between urban and rural integration; the developing model and spatial pattern research of sustainable development; the integration research and simulation platform of urbanization system based on the big data.

Key words: urbanization, research progress, scientific issues, new urbanization, national strategy