地理研究 ›› 2015, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (5): 953-966.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201505014

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区域要素市场分割与要素配置效率的时空演变及关系

金培振(), 张亚斌(), 邓孟平   

  1. 湖南大学经济与贸易学院,长沙 410079
  • 收稿日期:2014-11-20 修回日期:2015-02-12 出版日期:2015-06-12 发布日期:2015-06-12
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:金培振(1986- ),男,河南开封人,博士,研究方向为制度变迁与可持续发展。 E-mail:king19861231@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    教育部哲学社会科学研究重大课题攻关项目(11JZD032);国家自然科学基金项目(71173069/G0301);国家软科学研究计划项目(2010GXS5D245)

The analysis of spatial-temporal evolution and the relationship between regional factor market segmentation and factors allocation efficiency

Peizhen JIN(), Yabin ZHANG(), Mengping Deng   

  1. School of Economic & Trade, Hunan University, Changsha 410079, China
  • Received:2014-11-20 Revised:2015-02-12 Online:2015-06-12 Published:2015-06-12

摘要:

在修正的全局参比价格法基础上,结合非参数DEA-Hybrid模型评测了中国29个省份的要素市场分割水平及要素配置效率,进而构建考虑地理距离与经济规模的综合权重矩阵,利用空间Durbin模型实证分析区域要素市场分割对要素配置效率的影响。研究发现:东部地区的要素市场分割水平相对较低,中部次之,西部最高;要素市场分割将引致要素配置效率扭曲且存在显著的空间溢出效应,适度财政分权能有效抑制要素市场分割引致的要素配置效率扭曲;较高的国有经济占比、产业结构高级化、交通基础设施和外商直接投资能有效改善区域要素配置效率,对外开放的效率改进作用尚不明显。清除地区间要素市场壁垒并充分发挥市场配置资源的决定性作用是提升要素配置效率的着力点。

关键词: 要素市场分割, 要素配置效率, 全局参比价格法, DEA-Hybrid模型, 时空演变

Abstract:

This paper reviewed and evaluated the mobility level and the allocation efficiency of China′s regional factors. Based on the revised global reference price analysis method, this paper applied nonparametric DEA-Hybrid model to evaluate the segmentation level of factor market and factors allocation efficiency in 29 provinces of China. Furthermore, the panel data of each province from 1998 to 2012 was used to construct the comprehensive weight matrix of geography distance and economy scale, and then empirical analysis through spatial Durbin model was carried out to analyze the influence of regional factor market segmentation on factors allocation efficiency. The study figured out the segmentation of factor market in China′s three major economic regions, which experienced a drastic fluctuation from 1998 to 2012, and the segmentation level of factor market is lower in the eastern region compared with that in the central and western regions. The segmentation of regional factor market has negative distortion impact on the factors allocation efficiency with significant spatial spillover effect, which could be inhibited by moderate fiscal decentralization. The "beggar-thy-neighbor" strategy will not only lead to the drop of their own efficiency, but also gradually widen the gap of regional factor allocation efficiency and even degenerate the region to the "Economic Basin" in the national economic development. Moreover, the high proportion of state-owned economy, the optimization of industrial structure, the transportation infrastructure and the foreign direct investment could improve the allocative efficiency of regional factors significantly, while it remains obscure to judge the impact on the promotion of efficiency of opening. Researches on factor market segmentation and efficiency distortion of factors allocation provide great policy enlightenment for deepening the reform in a comprehensive way. It is critical to release a new round of reform dividend so as to accelerate the integration process of domestic factor market and promote trans-regional free flow of different factors. Therefore, emphasis should be placed to remove the barriers among regional factor markets and to give full play to the decisive role of market in allocating resources to improve the allocation efficiency of regional factors.

Key words: factor market segmentation, factors allocation efficiency, global reference price analysis method, DEA-Hybrid model, spatial-temporal evolution