地理研究 ›› 2015, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (8): 1481-1491.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201508007

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上海市近郊大型社区居民的通勤特征——以宝山区顾村为例

干迪1(), 王德2, 朱玮2   

  1. 1. 中国城市规划设计研究院上海分院,上海 200335
    2. 同济大学建筑与城市规划学院,上海 200092
  • 收稿日期:2014-12-18 修回日期:2015-04-22 出版日期:2015-08-25 发布日期:2015-08-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:干迪(1986- ),男,浙江宁波人,注册城市规划师,研究方向为城市规划方法与技术。 E-mail: gloride318@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(51378363)

Research on the residents' commuting feature of large-scale residential district in suburban Shanghai:A case study of Gucun, Baoshan District

Di GAN1(), De WANG2, Wei ZHU2   

  1. 1. China Academy of Urban Planning and Design, Shanghai Branch, Shanghai 200335, China
    2. School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
  • Received:2014-12-18 Revised:2015-04-22 Online:2015-08-25 Published:2015-08-20

摘要:

选取位于上海市近郊的宝山区顾村大型社区作为研究对象,采用问卷调查、对比分析、回归分析等方法,分析居民就业以及通勤意愿。在揭示居民总体通勤特征的基础上,比较了购房户、市区拆迁户、农村拆迁户、租房户四类居民群体不同的通勤特征。研究表明:近郊大型社区居民总体上倾向于就近就业,大部分居民实际的通勤时间短于意愿通勤时间中的“可容忍通勤时间”,总体上通勤满意度较高。但不同居民群体的通勤特征存在较大差异。利用通勤距离回归模型及通勤满意度逻辑斯谛回归模型的计算表明:居民通勤距离跟收入、受教育程度、户口类型、家庭规模等因素有一定的关联性,而居民对通勤的满意度除了跟收入相关以外,还受通勤距离及通勤意愿的影响。

关键词: 近郊大型社区, 通勤, 就业地点, 上海

Abstract:

For a long time, emphasis on the relationship between job and residence and its impact on commuting have been placed by the academia at home and abroad. In China, because of the excessive population concentration, the construction of large-scale residential districts in suburban areas has become the significant method for the metropolis and megalopolis to relieve the population stress of their central city. Hence, the parties related, including city government, academia and residents themselves, focus on the commuting feature of large-scale residential districts. Taking a case study of the Gucun community, Baoshan District, Shanghai, this paper analyzes the residents' worksite and commuting willingness, using methods of questionnaire, comparative analysis and regression model, etc. Based on the residents' general commuting feature, this paper compares 4 classes of population groups at Gucun, including residents in commercial housing, transferred residents from downtown, transferred residents from local village and residents in rental housing. The results show that: from the job-housing relationship, the majority of residents are apt to work nearby, and most of them have relatively high level of commuting satisfaction in general. However, huge differences in the commuting exist between different population groups. The results of regression model of commuting distance and logistic regression model of commuting satisfaction show that the residents' commuting distances are relative to their personal factors, such as income, education, Hukou, family scale, and their commuting satisfaction degrees are mainly affected by commuting distance and commuting willingness, except for the income.

Key words: large suburban community, commuting, worksite, Shanghai