地理研究 ›› 2015, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (11): 2005-2020.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201511001

• •    下一篇

中国区域经济发展模式的趋同演化——以中国16种典型模式为例

曾刚(), 尚勇敏, 司月芳   

  1. 华东师范大学中国现代城市研究中心,上海 200062
  • 收稿日期:2015-05-18 修回日期:2015-08-15 出版日期:2015-11-15 发布日期:2015-11-18
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:曾刚(1961- ),男,湖北武汉人,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要从事生态文明与区域发展模式、产业集群与区域创新研究。E-mail:gzeng@re.ecnu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重大项目(10ZD&016);上海市科委科技支撑计划项目(13231203400);华东师范大学2014年“优秀博士学位论文培育行动计划”项目(PY2014002)

The convergent evolution of China's regional economic development models

Gang ZENG(), Yongmin SHANG, Yuefang SI   

  1. The Center for Modern Chinese City Studies, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
  • Received:2015-05-18 Revised:2015-08-15 Online:2015-11-15 Published:2015-11-18

摘要:

经济发展是一个不断演化的过程,由于经济要素、发展环境的不同,不同区域经济发展模式的演化路径也存在差异。从要素、制度、关系三个维度构建区域经济发展模式类型划分的概念框架,根据三个维度指标的不同组合方式,将区域经济发展模式划分为资源—市场—内生型模式等8种类型;并以中国16种典型模式为例,分析各区域经济发展模式的演化及其趋同性。研究表明:① 区域经济发展模式在路径依赖和路径创造的共同作用下实现动态演化。② 中国各区域经济发展模式向更加注重人力资本等无形生产要素、市场力量和外生力量转变,总体上由“资源—政府—内生型”模式、“资源—政府—外生型”模式、“人力资本—政府—外生型”模式等模式向“人力资本—市场—外生型”模式演变。③ 中国各区域经济发展模式趋同性明显,表现为要素结构、市场化程度、内外生关系的趋同,以及时间和空间的趋同;经过多样化的发展和演化过程,各模式间的学习、融合加深,并走向“殊途同归”。

关键词: 区域经济, 发展模式, 演化, 要素—制度—关系, 模式趋同

Abstract:

As regional economies develop, regional economic development models are also evolving dynamically. Due to the differences of society, economy, resources and environment, economic development models evolve differently. In this paper, we establish a theoretical framework to classify economic development models according to three dimensions: elements (resource-driven or human-capital-driven), systems (government or market), and relationship (endogenous or exogenous), based on thorough review on the existing theoretical discussion. And we identify eight kinds of economic development model, such as "Resource-Market-Endogenous" and "Resource-Government-Exogenous" models (the paper explains the meanings of the models). Then taking 16 typical economic models in China as an example, we analyze the evolutional process. We find that: (1) regional economic development models are evolving dynamically under the influence of path dependence and path creation. (2) During the evolution process of China's regional economic development models, the intangible elements, market and exogenous forces are becoming increasingly important. There has also been an obvious evolution from models such as "Resource-Government-Endogenous", "Resource-Government-Exogenous", and "Human capital-Government-Exogenous" towards "Human capital-Market-Exogenous" on the whole. (3) With mutual learning and extensive communication, regional economic development models in China have seen an evolution from differentiation to convergence. It should be noted that this convergence is mainly characterized by goal convergence, although the process is different. Elemental structure, system environment and endo-exogenous relationships have always been important aspects of regional economic development model research, however, most of which focused on one of the three aspects. This paper puts forward a comparatively thorough theoretical framework to examine all Chinese development models. It is an important supplement and development to the existing research.

Key words: regional economy, development model, evolution, element-system-relationship, model convergence