地理研究 ›› 2015, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (12): 2207-2221.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201512001

所属专题: 地理大数据

• •    下一篇

地理学碰上“大数据”:热反应与冷思考

吴志峰1(), 柴彦威2, 党安荣3, 龚建华4, 高松5, 乐阳6, 李栋7, 柳林8, 刘行健9, 刘瑜10, 龙瀛11, 陆锋12, 秦承志12, 王慧13, 王鹏14, 王伟15, 甄峰16   

  1. 1. 广州大学地理科学学院,广州 510006
    2. 北京大学城市与环境学院,北京 100871
    3. 清华大学建筑学院,北京 100084
    4. 中国科学院遥感与数字地球研究所,北京 100094
    5. 美国加州大学圣塔芭芭拉分校,美国加州圣塔芭芭拉 93106
    6. 深圳大学土木工程学院,深圳 518060
    7. 中国城市规划设计研究院,北京 100044
    8. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广州 510275
    9. 香港大学城市规划与设计系,香港
    10. 北京大学地球与空间科学学院,北京 100871
    11. 北京市城市规划设计研究院,北京 100045
    12. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    13. 厦门大学建筑与土木工程学院,厦门 361005
    14. 北京清华同衡规划设计研究院有限公司,北京 100085
    15. 中央财经大学政府管理学院,北京 100081
    16. 南京大学建筑与城市规划学院,南京 210093
  • 收稿日期:2015-06-12 修回日期:2015-11-03 出版日期:2015-12-24 发布日期:2015-12-24
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:吴志峰(1969- ),男,湖南湘潭人,博士,研究员,博士生导师,主要从事城市遥感、景观生态、城市化复杂地表过程方面的研究。Email: gzuwzf@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41171446);广州市市属高校“羊城学者”科研项目(12A002G)

Geography interact with big data: Dialogue and reflection

Zhifeng WU1(), Yanwei CHAI2, Anrong DANG3, Jianhua GONG4, Song GAO5, Yang YUE6, Dong LI7, Lin LIU8, Xingjian LIU9, Yu LIU10, Ying LONG11, Feng LU12, Chengzhi QIN12, Hui WANG13, Peng WANG14, Wei WANG15, Feng ZHEN16   

  1. 1. Schoool of Geographical Sciences, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China
    2. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    3. School of Architecture, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
    4. Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth,CAS, Beijing 100094, China
    5. Department of Geography, University of California, Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara 93106, USA
    6. College of Civil Engineering,Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, Guangdong, China
    7. China Academy of Urban Planning and Design, Beijing 100044, China
    8. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    9. Department of Urban Planning and Design, Hongkong University, Hongkong, China
    10. School of Earth and Space Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    11. Beijing Municipal Institute of City Planning and Design, Beijing 100045, China
    12. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    13.School of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, Fujian, China
    14. Beijing Tsinghua University of the Same Scale Planning Design Institute Co., Ltd., Beijing 100085, China
    15. School of Government, Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing 100081, China
    16. School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
  • Received:2015-06-12 Revised:2015-11-03 Online:2015-12-24 Published:2015-12-24

摘要:

互联网时代的“大数据”热潮迅猛波及到经济社会的各个领域,地理学是大数据研究与应用的天然试验场。聚焦地理学与大数据的碰撞,回顾大数据在地理学研究中的应用探索,重点讨论大数据给地理学研究与发展带来的机遇与挑战。讨论认为:大数据已经对地理学研究产生了一定的影响。其中,人文地理学领域的反应最为热烈,基于大数据的研究案例纷纷呈现;地理信息科学在互联网大数据时代将会更加迅猛发展,自然地理学领域正在寻找和等待爆发点。目前,大数据还不能改变地理学的核心命题与基本范式,在坚持地理学核心思想的同时,应该对地理学领域有关大数据理论的探讨与应用尝试持有一种开放包容的态度。

关键词: 地理学, 大数据, 机遇与挑战, 笔谈, 反思

Abstract:

In the internet era, "Big data" wave spread rapidly to the economic and social fields. Geography is the natural laboratory in which big data research and application can be seen at work. The written speech focused on collision between geography and big data. It reviewed big data research and application in geography study. We also discussed the opportunities and challenges we would face during this collision. In summary, big data has had a certain influence on the geography research, especially in the human geography domain. Geographic information science will develop rapidly in the internet era of big data. But there are few disturbances in physical geography. Big data can not change the core proposition and the basic paradigm of geography. We should hold an open inclusive attitude to big data theory study and application research in geography.

Key words: Geography, big data, opportunities and challenges, written speech, reflection